African Dog Breeds: Discover The Beautiful Pups Of Africa
The African continent is home to many different species of animals and plants. These include the leopard, cheetah, lion, elephant, hippopotamus and other kinds of large herbivores. There are also some small mammals such as gazelles or bush babies.
All these animals have been adapted to survive in their particular habitat. They all live in groups called tribes or clans. Tribes are led by leaders known as chiefs. A chief’s job is to lead the tribe and protect its members from predators and prey.
There are several types of dog breeds found in Africa, but they differ greatly due to various factors including size, coat color, markings, temperament and behavior traits. Some breeds are larger than others. For example, the smaller dapple-colored Cape hunting dogs (Cape hare) weigh less than most domestic dogs.
The Cape hunting dog is one of the largest dog breeds found in Africa. Their coats vary from light brown to black with white tips at the tip of each ear. They have a short, smooth and glossy coat.
Africans have been keeping dogs for thousands of years. Dogs are highly intelligent social creatures that do not fare well in captivity (kept in a cage or enclosed area). They need to roam around and explore new surroundings.
African dog breeds are very diverse and can be divided into five types. Large domestic dogs, medium sized sheep dogs, small terriers, herding dogs and hunting dogs.
Most domestic animals such as cattle, goats, sheep and horses were first brought to Africa by European settlers and Asians. African tribes would keep these animals near their villages so that they could protect them from predators such as lions. Most of the large dog breeds resemble European breeds such as the Mastiff, Great Dane, Bloodhound and others.
Some dogs, especially those that have been bred for herding sheep or hunting have retained their natural instinct to chase and hunt down prey. These dogs include the Rhodesian Ridgeback, Boerboel and the old type of the South African Bullmastiff.
Africans have also been breeding other types of dogs for thousands of years. Smaller terriers were bred to chase rodents and snakes from houses and villages. Some breeds such as the Africanis and the white terrier were bred to hunt small prey such as rabbits and hares.
Herding dogs such as the rare African breeds of the Basenji and the unusual Spotted Kiwel were used to herd cattle, goats and other livestock.
In Africa there are several examples of primitive dog breeds that have remained relatively unchanged for thousands of years. The African Wild Dog, Black Backed Jackal and the Side Striped Golden Sparrow Dog are just a few of these ancient types of canines. The African Wild Dog, or Painted Dog as they are sometimes known range across sub-Saharan Africa.
They were once found in great numbers, but have been steadily hunted into extinction in most areas.
Africa also has its share of very unique types of canines such as the Afrikanoticus and the Honey Badger. The Honey Badger is one of the most fearless animals in the world. They are fearless when it comes to attacking much larger animals.
They have been known to disembowel and kill animals such as Buffalo, Rhino and even young elephants with their powerful jaws. They also have a very thick layer of fat which makes them difficult for larger animals to kill.
The smallest dog breed in the world is the tiny Chihuahua from Mexico. The African Pygmy Dog from Central Africa is the smallest breed of dog farmed in Africa. It is also the oldest breed of dog still found in Africa.
It was originally kept by the ancient Central African Mbenga people as a source of food.
Africa has the largest number of wild and domestic animals in the world (even more than India). There are 6 big cat species in Africa including the famous lion, leopard, cheetah, jaguar, snow leopard and tiger (which once ranged from Turkey to China but is now only found in India).
There are many different types of antelopes including the world largest animal the Blue Wildebeest as well as the smallest antelope the Dikdik. Antelopes can either have horns or antlers like deer and include the famous Springbok, Gemsbok, Blesbok and many other types.
In Africa one of the most common large prey animals is the African Buffalo. There are several types of wild pigs including the Warthog and Peccary. Also common are several types of deer such as the Red Deer, Reindeer (which is more commonly called the Rock Gazelle), Waterbuck, Eland, Kob, Rusa and others.
There are also several types of tiny antelope like the Dikdik, Duiker and many others. There are several types of rare and strange animals such as the Aardvark, Pangolin and Honey Badger.
There are many, many types of monkeys in Africa including the famous Chimpanzee, Gorilla, Olive Baboon, Vervet Monkey, Mandrill, Drill and many others.
There are many different types of squirrels in Africa including the very common Grey Squirrel which has almost driven the Red Squirrel to extinction.
In Africa there are several types of rabbits and hares including the famous Rock Hyrax, the very rare Desert Cane Rat and the Springhaas which can leap up to 6 metres (nearly 20 feet) in the air when it hears a predator!
There are several types of hedgehogs including the African Hedgehog.
There are many different types of moles including the Desert Mole and Cape Mole.
There is only one type of armadillo in Africa and it is the Pink Fairy Armadillo.
The Aardwolf is a strange type of animal that is related to the fox, but unlike the fox it is nocturnal and only eats insects and termites. Because of its diet, it has several anatomical peculiarities such as a strong sense of smell and a long thin sticky tongue to catch termites.
There are two types of rabbit in Africa; the Swamp Hare and the Rabbit.
The Quill Monkey is a type of monkey with large sharp quills running down its back from head to tail to protect itself.
The Aardvark is a strange animal that looks like a long-nosed pig with a long tongue for eating ants. It is nocturnal, digs extensive tunnel systems and has a keen sense of smell for sniffing out ants’ nests.
The African Wild Dog is a type of mongrel found in Africa. It is related to the Australian Dingo and North American Coyote, but arrived in Africa hundreds of thousands of years ago.
The Anaconda is a huge snake that can kill an African Elephant by wrapping itself around the elephant and strangling it. It also eats people.
Sources & references used in this article:
East African mammals: an atlas of evolution in Africa, volume 3, Part A: Carnivores by J Kingdon – 1988 – books.google.com
The Boerboel is a perfect watchdog: on the farm by J Gallant – 2015 – Kynos Verlag
A critical assessment of South Africa’s managed metapopulation recovery strategy for African wild dogs by A Gouws – Stockfarm, 2018 – journals.co.za
African Game Trails: An Account of the African Wanderings of an American Hunter-Natrualist by HT Davies-Mostert, MGL Mills… – Reintroduction of top …, 2009 – Wiley Online Library
Co-evolution of humans and canids by T Roosevelt – 2001 – books.google.com
A new direction for kennel club regulations and breed standards by WM Schleidt, MD Shalter – Evolution and cognition, 2003 – researchgate.net
Understanding and training your dog or puppy by K Arman – The Canadian Veterinary Journal, 2007 – ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Buchu—South Africa’s amazing herbal remedy by HE Whiteley – 2006 – books.google.com