Beagle Yorkie Mix – Meet The Borkie
The name “Bork” comes from the German word for dog. You may have heard it used before, but you are not sure what meaning it has. When you see a cute little dog with its head down, or when you hear some funny story about a puppy that was found abandoned and left outside all alone, then chances are that you have been called a berkut (German: “dog”).
There are many breeds of dogs in Germany. There are the dachshunds, the poodles, the bulldogs, the miniature pinschers and so on. Some of these dogs are very friendly and others do not like humans at all.
They live their whole lives without any human contact. Other breeds are less sociable than other ones and they try to get close to us every chance they get.
So how did bork come into being?
When the first German settlers arrived in North America, they brought with them dogs. These were the first domesticated animals that lived here. But there were no dogs in Europe at that time. Dogs had never existed anywhere else except in Asia and Africa. Therefore, when Europeans came to North America, they thought that these small creatures would be able to adapt well to life here. However, it turned out differently for these early immigrants to North America. They knew nothing about life in a new continent. The dogs were a familiar sight and they brought some comfort.
In North America, the settlers had to do everything themselves. They had to build their own houses and cultivate their fields. There were no roads yet and no farms or villages where they could buy things they needed.
Those who had come before them had already spread out over a large area. The Native Americans lived here for many centuries before the Europeans came. Their original ways of life existed side by side with the new ideas brought by the immigrants. They chose different paths of development: the Indians continued their old way of life and the settlers founded settlements and started new ways of working the land. Through marriages between Indians and immigrants, a new population came into being.
The first period after their arrival is called the Settlement Era. The second period is called the Conflict Era. It lasted from around 1700 to around 1760.
It was a difficult time and it was characterized by war with the Indians. Many people lost their lives.
The third and final period is called the Age of Reunion. It lasted from around 1760 to the present day. The United States of America became an independent nation and began to expand westward.
By this time, large parts of North America had already been explored and inhabited by the Indians. Around 1800, these first permanent settlements were moved from the east onto Indian land and conflicts arose once more.
Many farmers felt that they had a lot to fear from the Indians. They lived in constant fear of attacks. They needed protection, but the government could not provide enough protection for everybody.
The government depended on the settlers for help in fighting the Indians. However, there were never enough soldiers to protect everybody. Most settlers had to defend themselves against Indian attack and suffered great losses. The government was unable to control the situation.
The relationship between the Indians and the settlers grew worse from year to year. The Indians felt that they had to defend their ancestral hunting grounds. The white men were taking more and more land every day.
They wanted the whole of the American continent, if not the whole world. They were spreading their ideas everywhere and trying to convince everyone to live as they did: by machinery and industry.
The settlers were also divided into different groups. Some were Loyalists who supported the British. Others were Patriots who wanted independence from Britain.
The conflict between Patriots and Loyalists is called the American Revolution. It lasted from around 1775 to around 1783. During this time, people fought against each other on the field of battle. There were battles between Loyalists and Patriots, Indians and American soldiers, and Indians and the British army.
The war was not yet over when the American settlers began to spread into the rich lands of the Indian tribes. The Indians were forced to give way and move further westward. In 1803, the Indian lands between the Mississippi and the great plains were divided up between a number of different Indian tribes.
Each tribe received its own territory. The government made treaties with them and these were agreements which were supposed to be kept by both sides. Each tribe was assigned a particular area in which it would live. However, the government continued to encourage American settlers to move westward.
The question of American expansion had become extremely important by this time. A great deal of money was spent on preparations for war and soldiers to fight it. Some of the best land was still in the possession of the Indians.
A man called Andrew Jackson was made commander-in-chief of the American army in 1812. He was ordered by the government to invade Florida. This was Spanish territory at the time and Jackson was told to seize or destroy every British outpost there before marching into Florida.
Soon after the beginning of 1813, Jackson invaded Creek territory in Alabama and Georgia. He burnt villages and towns to the ground and captured Indians who were defending their land. The Creeks made several attempts to kill him, but without success.
The Red Sticks continued to suffer defeat. They were rounded up and imprisoned at Fort Mimms, Alabama on February 12. After they had surrendered, a band of white settlers and their Indian allies stormed the fort and murdered more than 300 unarmed men, women and children in what became known as the Fort Mims massacre.
In 1813, Jackson began his final march against the main Red Stick force. The Battle of Horseshoe Bend was fought on March 27, 1814. It was a crushing defeat for the Red Sticks.
After two days of fighting, the Red Sticks broke and ran. More than 800 were killed and twice that number were wounded or captured. Jackson’s losses were 49 killed and more than 200 wounded.
The defeat ended Indian resistance in the South for 25 years.
More American settlers poured into the area during the next few years. Many Indians were forced to move west of the Mississippi. Most of their land was divided up and given or sold to the white people who were now settling there.
The tribes had been defeated and all that was left was for the government to make laws concerning the Indians which robbed them of their land and made them into prisoners on their own territory.
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