Border Collie German Shepherd Mix Puppy Information
The breed name “German Shepherd” comes from the fact that they were originally bred to guard cattle. They are one of the oldest working breeds still used today. Their intelligence makes them ideal for work with children and other animals. They have a strong sense of loyalty and love their families very much.
Their coat is short and dense, making it easy to groom. However, because of its shortness, they do shed quite a bit. Because of this, most will keep their coats longer than many other breeds.
They tend to be loyal and protective of those close to them; they are often called “guard dogs.” They are known for being quiet but fierce fighters when needed. They make excellent family pets that enjoy spending time outdoors playing or sleeping in the yard with their humans.
In general, they are not good with kids and need plenty of exercise. Many prefer to live alone, though some like company. They are usually calm around strangers and friendly toward them if they get along well with their owners. Some may even bark at intruders!
Because of their hardiness, they make great guard dogs for farms and ranches where harsh weather conditions frequently occur.
They are very intelligent, quick learners, and eager to work. Border collies are energetic, athletic dogs that thrive in situations where there are boundaries, rules and games to play. Because of their high intelligence, these dogs need owners who are firm, confident and willing to keep them mentally stimulated with brain games and activities.
Because of their herding background they are excellent with other pets if trained properly. They also enjoy having a job to do and love being part of the family.
They are very active dogs and need plenty of exercise. They have a lot of stamina and do not do well in an apartment where they are left alone all day. They need at least a large yard in which to run around, play ball and explore. Because they are so intelligent, they also need owners who are willing to engage their minds with games, tricks and challenges.
They need to feel as if they are part of the family and included in all activities. Without sufficient mental and physical exercise they become bored and destructive, chewing up your furniture or ripping up your shoes.
They can live in an apartment if they get enough exercise, but a yard is preferable. They are not recommended for living in apartments, however, because they need space to run around and play. They do not do well with being left alone all day and need interaction with their owners. They are very social dogs that thrive on attention and affection from others.
They are not recommended for people who are looking for a just a dog to protect their home or family, instead of these traits you should be looking for an Alaskan Malamute or a Rottweiler.
They have been bred down from a herding dog to become popular police K9 companions.
They are very protective of their humans, but not generally aggressive towards other animals unless they are challenged or frightened.
They are not usually dog or people aggressive, but a few lines have been bred for protection work so it is best to find out the history of the dog before you trust it around children.
After a Border collie has had enough exercise they most always relax and calm down. They are not hyperactive unless they have not had their exercise.
When out on a walk they tend to wander off in search of something interesting, so it is important that you keep your eye on them at all times and make sure that they are leashed securely. Also when traveling to new places, they become very excited and need extra time to adjust.
They love being part of the family and do not thrive or do well when left alone for long periods of time.
They are a very sensitive breed that need the company of humans or other dogs. If left alone for long periods of time without any contact from their owners they can and will become destructive, barking excessively, chewing up your shoes or ripping up your furniture. So if you work all day, it is best that you get two Border collies so they have someone to keep them company and keep them out of trouble! Border collies are very active dogs and do not do well if they are just left in an enclosed yard, while you are at work.
If you can’t take them to work with you, hire a dog walker or check up on them through your webcam.
Because of how hypersensitive they can be when it comes to touch, they can sometimes be less trustworthy around small children as they may snap if constantly knocked into or grabbed by the collie. Not all Border collies act in this matter but it is worth bearing in mind.
Due to their high level of intelligence, they can be manipulative. So it is important to be firm and consistent with discipline.
A collie’s coat doesn’t tangle or mats unless the dog is very neglected. A simple brushing once or twice a week will keep the coat clean and free of any debris that may have gathered.
They shed a lot during seasonal changes and especially when it comes to springtime, but with regular grooming this will be minimal.
The Border collie is very healthy breed; however some lines within the breed are prone to inherited diseases:
Both eye and hip tests are recommended for dogs within these breeds.
The Border collie is a very intelligent breed, they can sometimes be independent minded and will therefore require an owner that can provide leadership. They are a working breed, bred to perform a job, therefore a lot of energy must be used up on a daily basis otherwise they will become bored and start finding their own ways of amusing themselves, which is likely to include barking, chewing and general mischief.
It is important that they have a job to do, such as herding the children around the house or yard, retrieving objects, Frisbee or playing games such as “fetch”.
They should also be taken out on a daily walk.
Obedience training is also a great way to channel their energy and intelligence in a positive manner.
The Border collie is not a breed for everyone. They require a great deal of exercise and attention. Their bodies were designed to keep them moving, so if you are not active yourself or do not have the time to exercise them on a daily basis then they will become frustrated and this frustration is taken out on your belongings or your furniture!
They are not content to sit in a yard all day, they need interaction with people and especially other dogs. A bored Border collie can become very destructive. They are extremely intelligent and can become manipulative if they realize that they can use their charm to get their own way.
Due to their high level of intelligence, they require a firm owner who is consistently fair with rewards and punishments. They should never be hit or punched, as this will cause the dog to become afraid of you and resentful. Border collies respond very well to positive reinforcement, such as praise and food rewards.
They are a one person dog and do not like strangers, so children should be taught to greet the collie politely with treats in hand to help with initial introductions.
Without enough attention and mental stimulation, a collie can quickly become destructive. They can also become hyperactive, barking at everything and everyone and they will herder, nipping at your heels or sweeping the legs out from under you just for laughs! A bored border collie is a very unhappy dog.
As with all dogs, you should keep them on a leash when in public until you are sure that they will not pester other people or animals.
It is important to train the Border collie puppy well, as they mature they can become difficult to handle if they realize that they are stronger than their owner.
The Border collie tends to live between 12 and 15 years.
Sources & references used in this article:
A mixed breed dog with neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis is homozygous for a CLN5 nonsense mutation previously identified in Border Collies and Australian … by NA Villani, G Bullock, JR Michaels, O Yamato… – Molecular genetics and …, 2019 – Elsevier
Breed distribution of the ABCB1-1Δ (multidrug sensitivity) polymorphism among dogs undergoing ABCB1 genotyping by KL Mealey, KM Meurs – Journal of the American Veterinary …, 2008 – Am Vet Med Assoc
Domestic dogs are sensitive to a human’s perspective by J Kaminski, M Tomasello, J Call, J Bräuer – Behaviour, 2009 – brill.com
A comparison of cases referred to behaviorists in three different countries by S Denenberg, GM Landsberg, D Horwitz, K Seksel – Proceedings, 2005 – researchgate.net
Frequency estimation of disease-causing mutations in the Belgian population of some dog breeds, part 1: shepherds by E Beckers, M Van Poucke, L Ronsyn… – Vlaams …, 2016 – biblio.ugent.be
Measuring herding behavior in Border collie—effect of protocol structure on usefulness for selection by P Arvelius, S Malm, K Svartberg… – Journal of Veterinary …, 2013 – Elsevier
Rapid genotyping assays for the 4–base pair deletion of canine MDR1/ABCB1 gene and low frequency of the mutant allele in Border Collie dogs by K Mizukami, HS Chang, A Yabuki… – Journal of …, 2012 – journals.sagepub.com
Breed distribution of the nt230 (del4) MDR1 mutation in dogs by I Gramer, R Leidolf, B Döring, S Klintzsch… – The Veterinary …, 2011 – Elsevier
Canine breeds at high risk of developing inflammatory bowel disease in the south-eastern UK by A Kathrani, D Werling, K Allenspach – Veterinary Record, 2011 – veterinaryrecord.bmj.com