Dogs are omnivores. They eat both plants and animals. Some dogs like meat while others prefer vegetables or fruits. However, most dogs will not go without their favorite food.
If your dog has eaten chocolate, then it means they have consumed a plant based product such as nuts, seeds or fruit. These products contain carbohydrates which are broken down into sugar in the body and stored in the liver (which is why some dogs get fat).
The liver is where all the energy from foods is used up before being released back into the bloodstream. Therefore, when your dog eats something with a high glycemic index (such as chocolate), the blood sugar spikes and causes excessive secretion of insulin. Insulin stimulates the pancreas to release glucose into the blood stream. This results in rapid weight gain and other problems associated with diabetes.
Chocolate contains several types of fats, including saturated fats, trans fatty acids and cholesterol. When these fats enter the bloodstream, they cause inflammation in the arteries and increase risk of heart disease.
In addition, eating too much chocolate may lead to constipation. Constipation is a condition caused by overproduction of gas due to excess fiber in the stool. Eating too many sweets leads to increased production of gas, which leads to discomfort and bloating.
Finally, chocolate is very addictive. It contains a compound similar to morphine and nicotine. This compound affects the reward center of the brain in a way that makes you crave for more. If your dog eats too much chocolate, they may become addicted to it.
If your dog has eaten a large amount of chocolate, bring them to a vet immediately. The vet will perform a physical examination and determine what symptoms are present and the severity of the condition. They may give your dog various treatments, such as activated charcoal to absorb any remaining chocolate. They may also give your dog medication for nausea and vomiting.
Do not wait until the symptoms get worse before getting medical treatment for your dog. The sooner you seek help, the higher the chances of a full recovery. If it is too late for treatment, it may be possible to put your dog to sleep to prevent further suffering.
Sources & references used in this article:
Chocolate intoxication by S Gwaltney-Brant – Vet Med, 2001 – aspcapro.org
Why we love dogs, eat pigs, and wear cows: An introduction to carnism by M Joy – 2020 – books.google.com
Effect of chocolate on acne vulgaris by JE Fulton, G Plewig, AM Kligman – Jama, 1969 – jamanetwork.com
Chocolate toxicity in a dog by AR Ahlawat, SN Ghodasara… – Indian Journal of …, 2014 – pdfs.semanticscholar.org