Chihuahua Colors and Markings: Find Out More About All the Different Colorations

Chihuahuas are one of the most popular pet dogs worldwide. They have been used for centuries to guard livestock and other animals from predators such as wolves, coyotes, foxes, jackals or even hyenas. A chihuahua’s size makes it ideal for guarding small children or babies. The breed originated in Mexico and was brought to the United States when Spanish explorers first encountered them there. Today, they are among the most popular pets in America, with many shelters having trouble finding homes for them due to their large size.

The coloration of a chihuahua is determined by its coat. There are five colors of chihuahua coats: white, black, tan, brown and fawn. White is the most common color and is usually found on puppies under six months old. Black is the second most common color and is often seen on older dogs over ten years of age.

Tan coat colors are very uncommon, but occasionally occur in certain areas of the country where sunlight reflects off rocks or soil. Brown coat colors are much less frequent than those of black and tan, but do exist in some parts of the country. The rarest coat colors are fawn or champagne, which may be the result of a recessive gene, and may not ever be seen in a chihuahua that is not bred from two parents that both carry the recessive fawn gene.

Fawn is considered by many to be the rarest coloration, because it was once thought to be extinct in the breed. Fawn chihuahuas are also called champagne chihuahuas. In the early days of chihuahua competition, there was a controversy over whether fawn should be considered a separate color or not. Many breeders thought that it was a diluted version of the champagne color and should not be shown.

Others claimed it was a true separate coloration. The controversy was finally put to rest in 1969 when the AKC recognized fawn as a true color. In the mid-1990s, a fawn chihuahua named Ch. Beenie Beau became very popular and his owner, Darlene Arden, campaigned to have fawn declared a separate color. The AKC recognized fawn as a true color in 1995.

The tan markings of a chihuahua’s coat may be solid or have areas of contrast, known as capes, such as is seen on wild coyotes or jackals. The capes are most often seen on a chihuahua’s head and back. Chihuahuas may be solid-colored or parti-colored (pictured), which means they have areas of white fur mixed in with the other coat colors. It is common for the eyes to be blue, but they may be any color from black to brown.

Chihuahuas may have either long or short coats. There are two kinds of long coats: a down coat and an intermediated length coat. A long coat should reach all the way to the chihuahua’s ankles, with the exception of their legs and tail, which should be clothed in the shorter intermediated length fur. The down coat is very soft and plush.

The intermediated length coat has a softer, lovelier texture than the short coat and is not as coarse. The short coat is the most common chihuahua coat type and is easy to maintain.

Chihuahuas are alert, swift-moving little dogs. They have a great amount of energy and will often play until they drop. They can also sleep for hours at a time and still be ready for more playtime. They are very independent and can be stubborn, but they are also loving and affectionate.

Chihuahuas are not very territorial and may become agitated if they are not allowed to socialize with other pets and people.

The Chihuahua is a very noisy breed of dog. They are often called the “Velcro” dog because they often follow their owners around. They are sometimes referred to as a “handbag dog”, particularly by celebrities, because they are small enough to fit in a handbag. They are brave and loyal enough to defend their owners, though they often lack the size and strength to do so effectively.

Chihuahuas have a natural instinct to chase moving objects, particularly ones that might be prey. They make a wide variety of sounds that include barks, growls, and even chirps and squeaks. Despite their small size, chihuahuas have big personalities and owners should be prepared to deal with their abundance of energy.

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The Chihuahua is a very intelligent breed of dog. They are the smallest breed of dog and they often have large personalities to match. They are playful dogs and love human interaction. They can sometimes be difficult to train, however, because they can be hard headed and stubborn.

Chihuahuas get along well with children and other dogs, but they may be aggressive towards other animals.

A chihuahua’s coat does not typically require a lot of maintenance. It is usually enough to brush them once or twice a week. After playing in the grass or coming in from the rain, they will often need a good brushing to get the grass and dirt out of their coats.

The Chihuahua is the smallest breed of dog. They weigh on average between 2 and 6 pounds and stand about 4 to 9 inches tall. They are compact little dogs with well proportioned bodies, but they lack the large head that is often associated with toy breeds.


The Chihuahua is the smallest breed of dog and can be found in many shapes and colors. These dogs are native to Mexico and were once sacred to the Toltecs. They were once called the “Smell Dogs” because they were used to help hunt by scent in ancient times. In modern day, Chihuahuas are popular household pets.

Also known as: Chihuahua

Chihuahua Vital Statistics

Weight 3-6 lbs. Hair Length Short Hair, though there is also a long haired variety known as the “long haired chihuahua” Height 2-7 inches tall Lifespan 10-15 years, though some have been known to live up to 20 years when well cared for. Known Abilities Hunting, guarding, standing watch, staying alert Good Qualities Independence, confidence, willingness to learn and please, loyalty, affection towards those who care for them, small size Bad Qualities Can be impatient and impetuous, do not do well with children (or adults) who are not attentive or abusive towards them. They are a kind breed that does not do well with excessive punishment.

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They are NOT a breed for beginners.

Chihuahua Characteristics

The Chihuahua is the smallest breed of dog in the world and has been bred in two distinctive varieties, one with long hair and one with short hair. While both have the same personality traits, the long haired Chihuahua will need to be cared for more than the short haired variety.

The Chihuahua is a very intelligent breed, but they are also a sensitive one. They thrive on attention and affection. If they do not receive enough attention, they can become very manipulative to get it. They need to feel as if they are part of the family.

If neglected, they will become unhappy and unpleasant to be around. These dogs crave attention and love. If they feel they are not getting enough, they will let you know by becoming willful and demanding of your attention.

With the right owner who gives them the attention and affection they need, the Chihuahua is an excellent dog to own. They tend to pick up on obedience training very easily and are fast learners. With gentle training, you can mold them into a well-behaved companion. With consistent positive reinforcement, they will be eager to please you and happy to do so.

These dogs naturally have a dominant nature. They were bred to be guard dogs and hunters after all. While they are small, do not think that they will not try to rule the house. Early and consistent training is a must with these dogs.

Without it, these dogs can become overly aggressive towards people. They can also become disobedient and can even turn hostile towards their owners. With proper training, they can be very obedient. They also get along well with other dogs.

Chihuahua Upkeep

The Chihuahua does not require much in the way of maintenance. They do shed a lot, so it is best to brush them everyday to reduce loose hairs all over the house. Besides this, you will want to take them for walks everyday and play with them often. They are very social dogs and will get depressed if they do not get the attention they crave.

Chihuahua Health

The Chihuahua is a very hardy dog that is resistant to many diseases and health problems. However, they are prone to dental issues and eye problems. They also have fairly small lungs, so certain types of exercise should be avoided.

Practical Dog Care

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It is important to socialize your dog as a baby and provide him or her with obedience training. These dogs can be willful and do not take orders from just anyone. They need to know who the leader of the pack is. Without proper training, they will become disobedient, if they are not already.

Make sure you take your dog with you on daily walks and play dates with friends and family. This will ensure your dog is happy, well-behaved and gets the exercise he or she needs.

Best for Owners With Some Experience


Pugs are a popular choice for many dog lovers due to their lovable and playful personalities. While they can be a handful at times, owners find their antics to be amusing most of the time. Naturally, playful is a relative term here. Pug play is more like controlled chaos!

They have a sense of adventure that always seems to get them into trouble.

These dogs are very affectionate and loving towards their owners. They are wonderful with children and tend to be fairly good watchdogs. However, they can be wary of strangers and make excellent guard dogs for this reason. Owners can rest easy knowing that their Pug is always ready to defend them to the death.

Or at least until the thief offers it a treat!

Pugs tend to be very clumsy dogs. They often knock into things with their short legs and stubby bodies, but they always manage to look adorable doing it. Owners will feel their arthritis more as the Pug gets older. This is a breed that does not do well in hot weather.

They are used to a more temperate climate and cannot handle the heat at all. Owners will want to be very careful with these dogs around children. Pugs are sturdy, but they have low centers of gravity which causes them to fall often.

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Despite all their quirks and shortcomings, owners will love their Pugs completely. They are fun loving dogs that love attention and return that affection right back!

Pug Appearance

The Pug is a small, yet sturdy dog. They have a square shaped head with dark eyes and a defined muzzle. Their eyes are usually bright and expressive. The ears can be either rose or button shaped and are set high on the head.

The Pug has a short, glossy coat that comes in either black or fawn colors with or without markings.

It is important to keep the Pug’s face clean due to their excessive skin folds. These folds tend to attract dirt and debris if not kept clean. They have a short tail that curls tightly over their rears.

Pugs are compact, but sturdy little dogs. They weigh between 13 and 18 pounds and stand 7 to 9 inches tall. Despite their size, they are very strong and stocky, especially in their torso.

Pug Temperament

The Pug is a happy and playful breed that loves attention from their owners. They are intelligent and easy to train. Pugs also have a mischievous streak that can get them into trouble. These dogs can be very stubborn at times and will only listen to your commands if they feel like it.

This is one of the breed’s more endearing qualities, but it can be frustrating as well.

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Pugs are great with children and playful with other pets, especially dogs. They are wary around strangers and will bark to let you know that someone is approaching the house. While they may be small, Pugs can be protective of their owners and will stand up to larger dogs if necessary.

These dogs are very sensitive to their environments. They do not do well in extreme heat or cold. The Pug is also susceptible to heatstroke and will quickly become exhausted if they are exercised in warm weather. These dogs also need minimal exercise as they are prone to Obesity.

Short walks and playtime inside are all the Pug needs.

Sources & references used in this article:

Descriptions of supposed new genera, species, and subspecies of American birds. I. Fringillidae by R Ridgway – The Auk, 1898 – JSTOR

Classification of the native trouts of Arizona with the description of a new species, Salmo apache by RR Miller – Copeia, 1972 – JSTOR

The fishes of North and Middle America: a descriptive catalogue of the species of fish-like vertebrates found in the waters of North America, north of the … by DS Jordan, BW Evermann – 1896 –

Systematics of the Pseudoeurycea bellii (Caudata: Plethodontidae) species complex by G Parra-Olea, M García-París, TJ Papenfuss… – Herpetologica, 2005 –

A new subspecies of the ridged-nosed rattlesnake, Crotalus willardi, from Chihuahua, México by D Burnie – 2011 – Dorling Kindersley Ltd