Cocker Spaniel Grooming Made Quick and Easy
The following are some interesting facts about Cocker Spaniel:
• They have been used since ancient times as hunting dogs. Their size makes them ideal for chasing down game animals such as deer, boar or rabbits.
The most common breeds of these dogs were the English Setter and the American Shorthair.
• They are loyal companions and they love their masters very much. A well trained dog will obey your every command without any hesitation.
However, if the owner is not around, then the dog may become aggressive towards strangers.
• There are many different types of Cocker Spaniel breeds which include: Standard, Toy, Working and Show Dogs.
Standard Cocker Spaniel
These are the most popular type of Cocker Spaniel. These dogs are usually large with long legs and heavy build.
They have short coats which make them look even better when they wear collars or harnesses. They do not bark too much but they do get excited easily and this is why they tend to be rather over protective of their owners.
They are intelligent dogs and need a lot of human companionship. However, owners who work all day do not provide this type of attention to their pets and so they tend to be more anti-social towards strangers when they are left alone.
They can also suffer from separation anxiety when left alone which manifests itself in the form of chewing and digging. If you have the time to take care of this dog properly, then it is definitely worth it since they live up to 15 years.
Toy Cocker Spaniels
These are smaller versions of the standard Cocker Spaniel. They look cuter and some people prefer them since they fit into small apartments better.
However, these dogs were bred to be lap dogs and if you do not give them enough attention, then they will develop emotional problems which can lead to behavioral issues.
If you adopt one of these dogs, then you need to be around more often than if you had gotten a larger breed. They also need to be socialized at an early age since they are more likely to be scared of new experiences if you do not expose them.
Working Cocker Spaniels
These dogs were bred to help hunters flush out prey from the bushes and undergrowth. They are less popular than the other two types but they offer many advantages.
They are the most active of the three types and need a lot of physical exercise to stay healthy and happy. If you work long hours and you do not have time to walk or jog regularly, then you should not consider this dog. However, if you like outdoor activities like hiking, biking, jogging or even swimming then this is the ideal pet for you since they love to stay by your side the whole time.
These dogs are bred for hunting so they tend to be good with other animals and creatures unlike some other types of dogs. You can leave them at home alone without having to worry about them tearing up your house or getting into garbage while you are gone since they are content just lying next to a good friend.
Show Cocker Spaniels
These dogs have been bred by people who want their dogs to win dog shows. They have been bred for their looks and not their personalities or skills.
They tend to be more on the lazy side and do not like to participate in a lot of physical activities.
However, they are very loving and sweet to their owners and are perfect for those who just want a dog for company. They also tend to be more affordable to purchase and they still live long lives, usually around 10 to 15 years.
These dogs have a life expectancy of 10 to 15 years.
Weight and Size
They weigh between 30 and 50 pounds (14 to 23 kg) and they grow to a height of 17 to 21 inches (43 to 53 cm).
These dogs can suffer from obesity, hip dysplasia, ear infections and eye problems.
They have short coats which are easy to maintain. You should brush them once a week and give them a bath when necessary.
They shed twice a year and shed moderately.
Their average weight is between 30 and 50 pounds (14 to 23 kg) and they grow to a height of 17 to 21 inches (43 to 53 cm).
Working Cocker Spaniels
“Jack loves going on long walks every morning.”
These dogs have been bred by hunters to help them with their activities, such as flushing out game from undergrowth and birds in the air. They tend to be more energetic than the other types and need a lot of exercise.
You need to take them on long walks at least once a day, jog with them regularly and take them swimming or biking as well. They are social dogs which means they do not do well if left alone for long periods of time. If you work long hours, then this is not the dog for you.
If you like staying home and just relaxing in your free time, then you should not get a working Cocker Spaniel. They will feel restless and cooped up and will make their frustration known by barking or destroying things around the house.
Even though they have been bred to hunt, these dogs do not have a killer instinct. They are not likely to chase and kill smaller creatures like rodents or birds which can be a good thing if you do not want your pet to kill small animals in your backyard.
Breeds of Cocker Spaniels
English Cocker Spaniel
The English Cocker Spaniel is the original and oldest breed of Cocker Spaniel which comes in three different sizes. They can be anywhere from less than 12 inches (30 cm) to just over 15 inches (40 cm).
They have flat, large heads with brown eyes and small, rose shaped ears. Their tails are long and thin which helps them side when they are retrieving game.
They were bred to work in the field and are active types that love to go on walks or jogs with their owners. They are very friendly, happy types that love the company of their owners and get along with everyone.
They are intelligent dogs which means they learn commands relatively quickly. However, they can be stubborn and do not like to obey if they think you are bossing them around.
Because of their friendly nature, English Cocker Spaniels are often used as guide dogs for the blind and hearing dogs for the deaf. They are also popular pets for families with children due to their loving and playful nature.
These dogs have a life expectancy of between 10 to 15 years.
Their coats need a lot of brushing and they shed a standard amount.
They need a minimum of one long walk every day and a couple of short walks. They can also be taken jogging, hiking or participate in an obedience class.
Without enough exercise, they will be noisy and restless in the house.
English Cocker Spaniels weigh between 22 and 32 pounds (10 to 15 kg).
Miniature Cocker Spaniel
The Miniature Cocker Spaniel is the smallest of all the Cocker Spaniels with perfectly proportioned bodies that make them look like little toy dogs. They have large, dark round eyes, small, black noses and small rose shaped ears.
Their tails are also thin and long and they have strong legs and feet with webbed toes. The coat is glossy and wavy with a lot of feathering around the head, chest and legs.
Miniature Cocker Spaniels are friendly, happy dogs that love people. They are very active and playful and need to be kept busy or they get bored which leads to destructive behaviors.
They love to dig and chew so you will have to keep things like electric cords, plants and furniture out of their reach. They can also be barkers and will often startle easily which means they are noisy dogs.
Despite all this, they are very affectionate and form strong bonds with their owners. They can begin to show signs of separation anxiety if left alone for long periods of time and do not like being left at home when their owners go out.
They also cannot handle the cold and will need coats in the winter if they live in a colder climate.
These dogs have a life expectancy of between 12 to 15 years.
Their coats look beautiful but require a lot of work to keep them clean and free of tangles. They shed a standard amount.
These dogs need at least an hour of exercise every day. They are active dogs that love to play fetch and Frisbee.
They can also accompany you on long walks and runs. Without enough exercise, they become restless and destructive so these dogs are not suited to apartment living.
Miniature Cocker Spaniels weigh between 13 and 18 pounds (5.9 and 8 kg).
Cocker Spaniel Mixes
There are a lot of crossbreeds of the Cocker Spaniel (or Spaniel mixes as they are often called) and all of them have different personalities. When choosing a dog, you need to think about what kind of energy levels and traits you prefer and then look at the various mixes to find the dog that suits you.
Some of the most popular mixes are:
Clumber Spaniel / Poodle Mix
The Clumber Spaniel / Poodle mix is often called a “Clumster” and has a beautiful, curly coat. They usually weigh between 50 and 70 pounds (23 and 32 kg) and are very sociable and friendly dogs, although some can be timid or shy.
This mix does not shed and only requires minimal exercise so they are good for people with limited space and little time. They do have a tendency towards obesity so make sure they always have plenty of exercise and don’t overfeed them.
Clumber Spaniels are often obedience-trained so even if they are shy or timid, they can still be trained to behave well with patient, consistent training. They are very gentle, loving dogs and get on well with children and other animals.
They are relatively quiet dogs that only bark if there is a good reason for it.
Clumber Spaniel / Beagle Mix
The Clumber Spaniel Beagle mix is often called a “Clamber” and are affectionate, gentle dogs that weigh between 40 and 50 pounds (18 and 23 kg). They are very easy-going, low-maintenance dogs that are good with children and get along well with other pets.
They shed a standard amount and require only moderate exercise.
Cocker Spaniel / Basset Hound Mix
The Cocker Spaniel / Basset Hound mix is often called a “Cockadoodle” and have a lifespan of between 12 to 15 years. They weigh between 40 and 70 pounds (18 and 32 kg) and have an easy-going, playful personality.
They are good for people who live in apartments as they don’t need much space and don’t require excessive exercise. They are also good with children and other pets. These are loyal, loving dogs and make good watchdogs.
Cocker Spaniel / Beagle Mix
The Cocker Spaniel Beagle mix is often called a “Cockapoo” and have a lifespan of between 12 to 15 years. They weigh between 15 and 30 pounds (6.8 and 13.6 kg) and have an affectionate, loving nature.
They are good for people who don’t have a lot of space and can tolerate a little shedding and barking. They are friendly towards children and other animals and love to be the center of attention.
Cocker Spaniel / Basset Hound / Beagle Mix
The Cocker Spaniel Beagle mix is often called a “Cockerspaniel” and have a lifespan of between 12 to 15 years. They weigh between 30 and 45 pounds (13.6 and 20 kg) and have a sweet, gentle nature.
They are good for people who don’t have a lot of space and can tolerate some shedding and barking. These dogs are obedient, intelligent and easy to train. They are good with children and other pets.
Cocker Spaniel / Border Collie Mix
The Cocker Spaniel Border Collie mix is often called a “Cock-a-shepherd” and have a lifespan of between 12 to 15 years.
Sources & references used in this article:
Grooming manual for the dog and cat by S Dallas, D North, J Angus – 2013 – books.google.com
What’s the Matter with Houdini? by LF Whitney – 1959 – Nelson
Object categories and expertise: Is the basic level in the eye of the beholder? by D Thompson – The Missouri Review, 2009 – muse.jhu.edu
Behavioral characteristics of English Cocker Spaniels with owner-defined aggressive behavior by JW Tanaka, M Taylor – Cognitive psychology, 1991 – ece.uvic.ca
The Dog Owner’s Manual: Operating Instructions, Troubleshooting Tips and Advice on Lifetime Maintenance by H Van Wessem – 2011 – i5 Publishing