French Bulldog Breed Information Center – The Complete Frenchie Guide

French Bulldog Breed Info Center – The Complete Frenchie Guide

The French Bulldog is one of the most popular dog breeds in the world. They are known for their affectionate nature, loyalty, and love of all things furry. These dogs have been bred to make them very athletic and strong looking with short legs and long bodies.

However they do not always look the best when it comes to looks; they are usually quite large compared to other dogs of their size.

In fact, the breed was originally developed for hunting purposes and were often used as guard dogs. Their powerful build makes them excellent protectors of livestock and home but they are not necessarily good watchdogs due to their size. They tend to bark a lot which can be annoying if someone else happens to be sleeping nearby or even worse if you happen to be asleep yourself!

They are generally friendly, playful and loving but they can sometimes get a bit over protective at times. They are extremely loyal and will do anything for their family so they tend to be very devoted to those closest to them. Some people say that these dogs have a tendency towards being stubborn and inflexible, however this isn’t really true since they are just too big for their own good!

They need constant exercise and lots of human interaction in order to stay healthy.

They can also suffer from a lot of health issues due to their abnormal skeletal and joint structure so they need to be kept at a healthy weight at all times. The French Bulldog has a maximum life span of 10-12 years and they reach adulthood around the age of 2.

General Appearance

The French Bulldog is a medium sized dog that has a distinctively round head with a broad and flat skull, which is not too wide compared to the length of their muzzle. They have a very short and flat forehead and their face is about the same length as their muzzle, if not slightly longer. They have small, triangular shaped ears that are worn high on their head and they have a wide jaw that contains a undershot bite with the bottom teeth overlapping the upper jaw.

They have dark eyes that are medium in size and they have short, curved legs that are strong and sturdy. They have a sturdy and muscular body and their tail is customarily docked. Their coat is short, smooth and glossy and comes in any combination of white, pink or brindle.


The French Bulldog is a playful and fun loving dog that gets along well with children. They are easy to train but they can be stubborn at times and will protest if they don’t feel like doing something. These dogs make excellent watchdogs due to their loud bark and they tend to be calm indoors although they do love long walks and running outdoors.

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They are very affectionate towards their owners and have lots of energy although they cannot cope with too much strenuous activity due to their short legs.

They love to eat and tend to become obese if they are not exercised enough or fed properly so it is important that owners set rules in place when they first get their dog. Due to their tendency to gain weight these dogs can also suffer from back problems as they age.


The French Bulldog is a highly intelligent dog that was originally bred to chase down prey in the streets of Paris. One of their most famous ancestors was the Dogo which was used for bullfighting. They were then bred down from larger dog breeds in order to be smaller and faster so that they could easily maneuver through narrow streets without knocking over any furniture or people.

They are therefore very skilled at maneuvering and have great balance. This skill also transfers over into obedience where they have enough balance to follow agility commands with ease.

They are easy to train when it comes to basic commands like staying, sitting, lying down and coming when called. They can even learn tricks like playing fetch or rolling over with the right motivation. These dogs can be stubborn at times though so owners need to establish a relationship of mutual respect in order to get them to follow orders.

These dogs are very alert and will let you know when someone is approaching your home, making them excellent watchdogs.

This dog is not as inclined to bark as other dog breeds so they won’t annoy your neighbors if left outdoors alone or with limited access to your home. Their tendency to bark also lessens when they are familiar with a person, so they only bark at strangers. They can also be trained to not bark when certain people come near your property.

General Health

The French Bulldog has a maximum life expectancy of about 12 years and are prone to certain health conditions. They can suffer from spinal problems due to their abnormal body structure and this can cause them to have pain in their back and neck. It can also cause them to limp or even lose the ability to walk.

This problem is so common that it is sometimes known as “French Bulldog Syndrome”.

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These dogs can also suffer from liver shunts which is where their blood vessels do not process toxins correctly. This can result in the build up of ammonia in the blood, a build up that would otherwise be removed by the liver. This toxicity causes problems with the brain and the rest of the nervous system causing symptoms like listlessness, seizures, walking in circles, partial paralysis and/or blindness.

Eye problems are also common due to their short wide shape and flat face. It is common for them to suffer from corneal ulcers, entropion, distichiasis and eyelashes that grow inwards.

This dog can also suffer from skin problems due to their wrinkly skin and oily coat. This includes conditions like Demodicosis which is a mange caused by microscopic mites that burrow under their skin, Urticaria which is an allergic reaction to environmental factors like pollen, foods or drugs and causes the skin to become swollen.

Breathing problems can also be an issue with these dogs due to their shortened upper jaws. As such they can have a weakness in the structure of their skulls that can cause collapse without supportive skulls. This is known as Chondrodystrophy and is a congenital birth defect.

This problem tends to become more common in older dogs. Despite their respiratory difficulties, these dogs tend to live normal lifespans and do not suffer from any other conditions associated with breathing problems.


These dogs can suffer from a variety of allergies that can make them prone to skin conditions and respiratory issues. For skin related allergies, they can have reactions to flea bites, food or drugs injected into their skin. For respiratory allergies, they can react to airborne allergens like pollen or dust.

Some of the symptoms of these allergies include itchy skin, redness or swelling of the skin, hair loss around the face and ears, discharge from the eyes or nose, sneezing, runny nose, cough and troubled breathing.


The French Bulldog is a brave little dog that despite its bravery is not reckless. This breed is naturally calm, confident and somewhat independent. They are good watchdogs as they are naturally suspicious of strangers although this does not mean that they will not be friendly to new people immediately.

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They are not aggressive by nature but will bark to let you know that someone is approaching your property.

These dogs get on well with children and other animals and will play exuberantly with both. As long as they are socialized from a young age they are friendly towards other dogs and pets. They also get on well with horses.

While they are naturally brave, they should be properly socialized to minimize the risk of them becoming overly fearful or aggressive. It is highly recommended that you start socializing this dog from when it is a young puppy.

Due to their high energy level and stamina, these dogs do not make good apartment dogs and need to live in a house with a yard. They do not cope well in small spaces and places without ventilation. They do not need excessive exercise but like to have routine exercise.

A walk round the block or a game of fetch is enough to keep them happy. If they are not given adequate exercise they will become bored and this can lead to behavioral problems.

Due to their appearance, these dogs suffer from various health problems including eye, skeletal and respiratory issues. They are also prone to allergies and skin conditions so it is important to look out for any symptoms of these conditions. If these issues are not treated in time, it can lead to serious complications and even death.

The French Bulldog is a dog that was bred for a specific purpose and because of this people have continued to breed them with the same purpose in mind. This breeding practice has had damaging consequences on the overall health and structure of this dog. Despite their wide range of issues, owners have continued to love and care for these dogs and if you are considering getting one of these dogs it is important that you are willing to put in the time, patience and money into their health issues.

Short Haired Dog Best Suited For You?

If you want a dog that…

You should get a short haired dog if…

you live in a place that experiences harsh winters with lots of snow. (The coat will instead just turn brown and probably be thinner.)

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You prefer a low maintenance pet. (There’s no need to worry about brushing or matting of the fur, and dander can be lesser.)

You prefer smaller dogs as they tend to have smaller brains and need less attention as compared to long-coated dogs.

You want a dog that is more independent. (The coat makes them appear overprotected and lazy).

You want a dog to match your professional appearance (Tail hair can be kept short for suits).

You don’t have allergies to short haired dogs.

You should get a long haired dog if…

The coat is not property trimmed or is allowed to grow, it can become full and prone to tangles. While a “professional” look may be appealing for some owners, the time needed to maintain a long haired dog can become very tedious. It is best to remember that dogs do not need fancy clothes; they need proper care.

You don’t mind spending extra time grooming and maintaining your pet’s health.

You live an active lifestyle and will be able to keep up with your pet.

Your home environment is suitable for a dog with a long coat. (It would be unfortunate to have to put your pet in a sweater or coat because of your home’s climate).

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You have the financial ability to take your pet to the groomer every few weeks.

You want elegance and class, something a short haired dog may lack in appearance.

You need a dog that will match your rugged outdoor appearance.

If you decide that a short haired dog is right for you, there are many choices in color, size, and breed variation. If you decide that a long haired dog is your choice, there are also many choices in variation and breed type. Many people prefer to own a mixed breed dog.

Due to the many variations in breeds and mixed breeds, if you do not know exactly what type of dog you want, it is wise to go to a shelter and choose a dog that you feel a connection with.

Long Haired Or Short Haired Dog

Long Haired

If you choose a long haired dog, it is important to keep their hair trimmed and well taken care of. If you do not wish to pay for grooming or do not have the time to do it yourself, it might be best if you pick a short haired dog instead. Long haired dogs do require more grooming than short hair dogs.

Long haired dogs can be a bit more high maintenance than short hair dogs.

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In some cases long haired dog breeds also have certain health issues, such as skin and ear problems. They are also more prone to getting ticks and other parasites due to their long fur. If you take your dog swimming, a long haired dog willrequire extra time to make sure their fur is completely dry so that they don’t get cold.

Long haired dog breeds will also shed more than short haired dogs.

Long haired dogs come in many variations of colors and sizes. You should research the specific breed of long haired dog that you want to make sure that you’re able to properly maintain their coat.


Havanese are friendly, playful dogs, though they are somewhat shy with people they don’t know. These dogs are happy and excitable. They enjoy being around their family and they also enjoy being active, so these dogs should go on plenty of walks and jogs with their owners.

Havanese have a white, silky coat that sometimes gives them a grayish appearance. These dogs have dark eyes and small ears that are pinned back along the side of their heads. The hair on top of their head is usually cropped to give them a cute, rounded look.

This breed has a fox like appearance.

Like many other companion dogs, the Havanese is happy to spend time with their family. They are lively and affectionate dogs that enjoy playing games and being around people. These dogs are curious and playful, but they can sometimes be timid or afraid when introduced to new people or environments, so early socialization is important.

The Havanese gets along well with children, especially if they are raised with them.

Sources & references used in this article:

French Bulldog: The Frenchie by J Markovics – 2010 –

Brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome by J Ladlow, NC Liu, L Kalmar… – Veterinary Record, 2018 –

Knack Dog Care and Training: A Complete Illustrated Guide to Adopting, House-breaking, and Raising a Healthy Dog by C Macdonald – 2009 –

Curriculum Guide for Physical Education: Kindergarten and Ungraded Primary. by WO Baldwin – 1969 – ERIC

Guide to Literary Agents 2016: The Most Trusted Guide to Getting Published by C Sambuchino – 2015 –