Golden Retrievers are one of the most popular dog breeds in the world. They have been bred since ancient times to provide faithful companionship and loyalty. These dogs were used by many civilizations throughout history including Ancient Greece, Rome, China, India and Japan. Today they continue to serve their purpose well. Golden retrievers are known for being loyal and loving with a strong sense of duty and honor.
The origins of the golden retriever breed date back to the early 1900’s when two German brothers named Fritz and Alois Zimmermann created a working dog called a “Pferdehund” or “little foxhound”. The name pferde means “pig dog”, which was chosen because it sounded like “pig farmer”. Their goal was to create a dog that would produce offspring that could work hard and produce good results. They worked very hard at creating the perfect working dog.
In 1921, they began breeding their dogs together to create what became known as the Golden Retriever. The name came from the color of their coats, which were usually gold or yellowish brown in color. However, some dogs had black coats instead. They were first shown in a dog show in 1926 and were very popular soon after that.
The breed has grown in popularity ever since.
Today, golden retrievers are known for being one of the most trusting and loving dog breeds in the world. They are best known for their intelligence. Their intelligence and eagerness to please make them some of the best working dogs in the world. They are often used as guide dogs for the blind, search and rescue dogs, drug sniffing dogs in airports and police dogs.
Golden retrievers are still popular as family pets around the world. They are happy and loving with children and make a great companion in the home. Their intelligence makes them easy to train, even a child can teach their golden retriever how to do basic commands like “sit” or “stay”. They are usually gentle dogs, but they are very protective of their families and will fight to defend them if necessary.
They can live in an apartment, but they do best with at least a medium sized yard to run around in. If you do not have the space for one or if you live in an apartment, you can take your retriever to a dog park or go on long walks with them. As long as they get plenty of exercise, they should be happy.
In terms of health, golden retrievers have a few medical problems that are common with the breed. One common problem is hip dysplasia. This happens when the socket of the hip does not fit snugly over the head of the thighbone. This can lead to inflammation and painful arthritis in the joint.
It can be detected by a veterinarian by simply feeling the dog’s hips. X-Rays can confirm the diagnosis.
Cataracts is when the lens of the eye becomes opaque and vision is impaired or lost altogether. Many dog breeds are prone to this including retrievers. A vet can remove the cataract from both eyes, which will restore the dog’s vision.
Also with retrievers, they can suffer from skin allergies sometimes. If your retriever has red itchy spots on his coat then he probably has an allergy to something in his environment. You will need to take him to a vet to confirm the diagnosis and then the doctor can give you a list of things that your dog should avoid. This will clear up the problem in almost every case.
You should also get your dog’s eyes and ears checked regularly. Eye problems are common with retrievers so you want to make sure that you catch any potential problems early.
Like all dogs, they will need their yearly shots and other routine medical care. These medical bills can add up, but with proper care they should have a long and happy life.
Feeding your golden retriever is relatively easy. They do not eat very much, especially when compared to other dog breeds. A good quality dry dog food should be good enough to meet their nutritional needs. You can supplement their diet a bit by feeding them some canned food or cooked meat, but they really do not need it.
As a rule, you should not feed your dog people food just because you think it is good for them or you like the way it tastes. Many foods that are unhealthy for humans are also unhealthy for dogs.
Golden retrievers do not require a large amount of exercise. A daily walk around the block is usually enough to meet their needs. If you want to give them more exercise, you can always enroll in an obedience class or take them jogging with you. They love to run and it is a great way to spend quality time with your dog.
Golden retrievers are very adaptable dogs, they can live in an apartment, a house, with kids or without. They are good with strangers and loyal to their family. Training them is easier than you might think and they are eager to please. You will always be able to recognize one as it is unique from all other breeds, with its lush golden coat and kind face.
Owning a golden retriever will be one of the best decisions you ever make.
Sources & references used in this article:
Genomic analyses reveal the influence of geographic origin, migration, and hybridization on modern dog breed development by HG Parker, DL Dreger, M Rimbault, BW Davis… – Cell reports, 2017 – Elsevier
Melanocortin 1 receptor variation in the domestic dog by JM Newton, AL Wilkie, L He, SA Jordan… – Mammalian …, 2000 – Springer
Trainability and boldness traits differ between dog breed clusters based on conventional breed categories and genetic relatedness by B Turcsán, E Kubinyi, Á Miklósi – Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 2011 – Elsevier