Mastiff – A Complete Guide to The English Mastiff

English Mastiff Temperament: What’s Good About It?

The English Mastiff breed is known for its loyalty, devotion, and love of family. They are very intelligent dogs with a strong work ethic. These traits make them good companions and great guard animals. Some English mastiffs have been known to become aggressive towards strangers or other dogs if they don’t get their way. However, most English mastiffs will accept your company even when they’re being stubborn or bossy!

English mastiffs are generally friendly with children and other pets. They do not bark excessively at all times, but they may growl occasionally. They are very loyal to their owners and will always remain close to them no matter what. English mastiffs tend to be calm around strangers too, though they might react aggressively if threatened.

The English Mastiff Breed Standard: What Does It Mean For You?

The English mastiff standard is one of the most recognized dog breeds in the world. It was created by American breeder William Wrigley III (1836-1911). The standard is based on several characteristics that were considered desirable in working dogs at the time. These include:

High energy level; high drive for work; hardy and adaptable to harsh conditions; self-reliant, independent, and able to learn new skills quickly.

The purpose of the English mastiff is to be a working dog on large properties. They should be calm when at rest but able to be energetic when necessary. They should be highly intelligent and have the ability to work independently. They must always have a desire to please their owner and have good manners around children. The breed must be willing to learn new tricks or skills and respond well to training.

English mastiffs are loyal to their families and have great protective instincts.

A high-quality English mastiff costs anywhere from $2,000 to $5,000. This includes the cost of food and other supplies needed for its health and well-being over its lifetime.

Appearance: What Does The English Mastiff Look Like?

The English mastiff has a large frame with a large, broad head, powerful jaws, and a heavy brow. The coat is thick, short, shiny, and can either be red or black. The eyes are dark in color and the ears are small and short. The tail is either straight or screwed and hangs down instead of sticking up. English mastiffs typically weigh anywhere from 140 to 180 pounds!

This breed can be confused for the French mastiff or even the bulldog. They are all similar in shape and size. A true English mastiff has a powerful body that’s nearly rectangular, a distinctive head shape, and a muscular frame.

Heredity: What Do English Mastiff’s Genetic Makeup?

English mastiff’s have a relatively simple genetic makeup. They are homozygous for the following characteristics: FBSB, D/DB, and W/W.

FBSB: The Fawn Brindled Stripe Pattern is a dominant gene that creates stripes in the brindle pattern of fawn or brown hairs mixed with white. These stripes are most noticeable on the body and head, but can also appear on the legs or tail.

D/DB: The D/DB gene causes dudbrows, which are eyebrows that do not extend across the entire forehead. Instead there is a bare, triangular space between the ears.

W/W: The white gene is completely dominant, meaning that any dog that has it will express the trait, regardless of what combination of other genes it has. White coloration can appear in the underbelly, parts of the legs or face, or as a complete coloration.

Temperament: What Is The English Mastiff Personality Like?

English mastiffs are known for their jolly and friendly nature. They are known as a gentle giant, which is a term used to describe a dog that is large in size but doesn’t have the typical aggressive tendencies that come with such a body type. What mastiff lacks in swiftness it makes up for in loyalty and trustworthiness, making it an excellent guard dog. It also has a highly developed sense of smell and hearing ability.

It’s important to understand the special needs of an English mastiff. While they are not high maintenance dogs, they do need extra care and attention. Their large size means that they can’t fit into the same places that most other dog breeds can. They also produce a lot of fur and drool, so they need daily grooming and a spacious home.

Children: Are English Mastiffs Good With Kids?

English mastiffs are patient and kind with children and will play with them or even let them ride on their backs. They are especially protective around children, and have been known to act aggressively towards anyone that might pose a threat.

Mastiff – A Complete Guide to The English Mastiff - from our website

However, it’s important to note that mastiffs are large and heavy-set dogs that tend to knock children over when they jump on them or play with them. Children should always be supervised when interacting with this breed.

Training: How To Train An English Mastiff

English mastiff’s have a calm nature and are eager to learn. They are highly intelligent and have a reputation for being easy to train. With the proper training, these dogs can make excellent watchdogs, guard dogs, or even hunting dogs.

One of the biggest things to remember is that you must always be the dominant figure when it comes to training English mastiffs. If you allow them to take charge they will see you as weak and this can make the training process much more difficult. Be firm and always provide plenty of praise and rewards for correct behavior.

Excercise: How Much Exercise Does An English Mastiff Need?

English mastiffs need a lot of exercise to stay healthy and happy. They can live in an apartment if they are taken on walks or allowed to run freely in a safe area daily. If you have the space, it’s best to allow them to run free in a yard. These dogs are natural diggers and if you don’t give them an area to dig they will find somewhere else to do it. These areas are usually not the garden but instead the yard or even the house!

Health: Are English Mastiffs Healthy?

The average life span of an english mastiff is 8 years, with some living up to 11 years. We’ve included a few common health issues below.

Deafness: Some dogs are born with a moderate to severe hearing impairment.

Diabetes: Dogs can develop diabetes, usually in middle-age or later. The symptoms include excessive thirst and urination, increased appetite, and weight loss.

Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus (Bloat): This is a life-threatening condition that affects the stomach. Symptoms include a distended and usually bloated abdomen, and depression. It is common in deep-chested dogs. Affected dogs should go to a veterinary hospital immediately; surgery is often necessary.

Cataracts: The lens in the eye may become cloudy or opaque, affecting vision. Cataracts can be surgically removed.

Skin Problems: Some dogs suffer from various skin conditions, such as dermatitis. Symptoms include red, swollen, and cracked skin, itching, and hair loss.

Allergies: Allergies are common in dogs. Symptoms include rashes, redness, and itchiness. Dogs may also develop an aversion to certain substances such as grass or pollen. Medicines can help combat the allergic reaction, though some dogs are just prone to allergies.

Sources & references used in this article:

History of The Mastiff-Gathered From Sculpture, Pottery, Carvings, Paintings and Engravings; Also From Various Authors, With Remarks On Same (A Vintage … by C Paulsen – 2012 – i5 Publishing

Body-weight changes during growth in puppies of different breeds by MB Wynn – 2011 –


Diagnosis| Ruptured cranial cruciate ligament of the knee by GM Lukasik-Hallberg, W Hendrikse – rapport nr.: Masters Thesis, 2005 –

Supplementary material for” Physics of chewing in terrestrial mammals” by N Mastiff, SB Akita –