Miniature St Bernards are the smallest breed of dog. They have been bred since 1884 to be small, cute and adorable. These dogs were originally called “Little People” or “Puppy Dogs”. There are many different types of miniature breeds such as Pomeranian, Chihuahua, Shih Tzu, Maltese etc. Some of these miniature breeds are known for their large size while others have smaller sizes.
The term “miniature” refers to the size of the dog. A pug is considered a miniature breed whereas a German Shepherd Dog (GSD) would not be considered one. The term “small” means that they are very small compared to other breeds. For example, a Chihuahua is generally considered small but if it was larger than most dogs then it would be called an American Bulldog instead.
There are several reasons why miniature breeds are popular. One reason is because they look cute and cuddly. Another reason is because they tend to be quiet, obedient and loyal. Finally, there are some advantages over larger breeds such as being easier to train and less likely to bite someone’s hand off when they try to pick them up.
Miniature St Bernards come in various colors including black, brown, chocolate, white and even red! The coat of a miniature St. Bernard is short, smooth and shiny. Its skull is large and rectangular with a broad skull and muzzle. Ears are small and triangular and eye sockets are somewhat deep.
The neck is moderate in length and muscular while the body is moderately broad, short and slightly wedge-shaped. The tail is customarily docked and low set. Front legs are moderately bent and its hind legs are nicely muscled and moderately bent. Paws are oval in shape and faces are slightly longer than they are wide.
The average size for a full grown, normal weight female is 17-21 inches high at the shoulder and 45-90 pounds. The average size for a full grown, normal weight male is 19-23 inches high at the shoulder and 65-110 pounds. These sizes can vary from dog to dog but this is what is considered normal.
Dogs range in size not only from breed to breed, but also from dog to dog with the same breed. The smaller a dog is, the more it is prone to health problems such as spine abnormalities, heart defects and dislocations. While there are many health problems that come along with owning a smaller dog, there are also advantages. For example, a smaller dog can be taken places that a larger one could not. It also requires less exercise, food and attention.
The smaller it is the cheaper it is to insure, license, buy and maintain.
There are many differences in the Miniature St. Bernard compared to the normal sized St. Bernard. The most obvious is the size difference. A Miniature St.
Bernard stands anywhere from 10-13 inches at the shoulder. They can weigh between 30-45 pounds but some can reach 55 pounds. Their ears are bigger than that of a normal dog’s and their muzzle is shorter and wider. It also has a large underbite. Their tail is customarily docked and their coat is thicker, longer and has a woolly appearance.
The Miniature St. Bernard is an ancient breed that was developed in the Swiss Alps by the early Monks who needed a dog that could help herd the cattle as well as be a companion and guardian inside the monastery. When it was originally created, the breed was much bigger than it is today. It wasn’t until the 19th century that the breed began to be bred down in size to what we now know as the Miniature St. Bernard.
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The Miniature St. Bernard is a loving and gentle giant. They get along with everyone, from children to other dogs and even other animals. They are very docile and tend to never be overly playful, but can be active when they want to be. These dogs tend to have a wise and dignified air about them, they are perfect for colder environments since they do not require a great amount of exercise.
The Miniature St. Bernard does not require an excessive amount of exercise. They can be active indoors or out, as long as they get at least a daily walk they will be happy. These dogs do best with a large yard and owners who can spend time with them on a daily basis. They are not the type of dog that can be left alone for long periods of time, they suffer from separation anxiety and can become destructive if not given attention.
Miniature St. Bernard’s tend to be very easy to train since they are by nature very obedient dogs. Due to their size they are not recommended for first time owners or owners who have physical limitations. They can be protective of their owners, very, very protective. They have a tendency to bark a lot when there are strangers around and their large size can be a problem if an owner is not strong enough to control them or situations arise where the dog feels the need to protect it’s owners.
Due to the thick nature of the Miniature St. Bernard’s coat they do require regular grooming. Their facial folds and ears need to be cleaned regularly if they begin to get clogged with wax. They also tend to shed a lot so they will require daily brushings to remove loose hairs.
Due to their size the Miniature St. Bernard is not recommended for apartment living. They do best in a home where there is a large yard. They are good outdoors in cooler climates but when it gets too cold they are perfectly happy to stay indoors with their owners. They tend to be inactive when it’s warm so they do not require a yard.
These dogs are very protective of their family and will alert them when someone is approaching the home.
These dogs are rare and hard to find in shelters, most end up being put down due to their large size putting a strain on already overcrowded shelters. If you are considering adding a dog to your family and one of the larger breed dogs appeals to you, take a look at our listings of large breeds. If you are set on a St. Bernard, start looking now since these dogs tend to get adopted very quickly due to their affectionate nature.
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Sources & references used in this article:
The pace of morphological change: historical transformation of skull shape in St Bernard dogs by AG Drake, CP Klingenberg – Proceedings of the Royal …, 2008 – royalsocietypublishing.org
Advances in molecular quantum chemistry contained in the Q-Chem 4 program package by …, SM Sharada, S Sharma, DW Small, A Sodt… – Molecular …, 2015 – Taylor & Francis
The Via Francigena Canterbury to Rome-Part 2: The Great St Bernard Pass to Rome by A Raju – 2014 – books.google.com
A meta-analysis of thoracic radiotherapy for small-cell lung cancer by JP Pignon, R Arriagada, DC Ihde… – … England Journal of …, 1992 – Mass Medical Soc
The St. Bernard Fire Department in Hurricane Katrina by MM Buuck – 2008 – books.google.com