Miniature Rottweiler – The Smallest Guard Dog?
What Is A Miniature Rottweiler?
The smallest guard dog breed. They are small dogs with short legs and long bodies. Their coat is white or grayish brown with black spots, they have pointed ears and a flat face. These are the smallest breeds of dog.
Size Comparison Of Miniature Rottweiler And Other Dogs:
Rottweilers weigh between 25–35 pounds (11 kg – 18 kg) and stand around 14 inches tall at the shoulder. They have short legs and long bodies. Their coats are usually light colored with black, tan or silver markings on their chests, backs and sides. Most of them have a flat face with a pointy muzzle and two sharp teeth. They are very loyal and protective of their family members.
Some breeds like pit bulls tend to be aggressive towards other animals, but these types of dogs are not considered miniature rottweilers.
How To Tell If Your Pet Is A Miniature Rottweiler Or Not?
You will notice that most of the pictures show a small dog with a large head, which is called a “dwarfism”. Dwarfism means having too much body fat compared to your height. These types of dogs are not dangerous at all. They are friendly and playful with other animals too.
How To Care For A Miniature Rottweiler?
Grooming: They have short double coats that do not shed much, but they do need regular brushing and combing to prevent them from tangling and matting. Their nails should be cut when they get too long. They have a lot of wrinkles that collect dirt, so they need to be wiped down regularly with a wet washcloth.
Exercise: They do not require as much exercise as a larger dog, but they do need daily walks. They can even participate in dog agility and flyball tournaments, but keep in mind that they are physically much more stressed than larger dogs. They also enjoy playing catch and other games of fetch in the yard.
Training: These dogs are usually easy to train and they respond well to gentle encouragement and treats. They are naturally very intelligent and they want to please you, so training them is not hard at all. Start training them while they are still puppies.
Grooming: Their short coat only needs occasional brushing and combing. Too much grooming can damage their coats and make them lose their markings, so do not overdo it.
Exercise: Miniature Rottweilers need regular exercise. They do best with human companionship, but they also need time to run and play throughout the day. If you work all day, they are still going to need at least a one or two long walks and several play sessions with you or another companion. Without enough exercise, they are likely to exhibit behaviors like barking and chewing.
Training: These dogs are intelligent and eager to please, but they can be stubborn. Early training is important so you can establish yourself as the alpha in the relationship. Firm, consistent training methods are usually most effective. Remember to offer praise and rewards during training.
Feeding: How much you feed your dog depends on their size, weight, age, activity level, and metabolism. Dogs are individuals, just like people, and do not all need the same amount of food. You will need to pay attention and keep an eye on their weight, as an overweight Miniature Rottweiler is likely to have health issues. Talk to your veterinarian about an appropriate diet for your dog.
Puppies: Miniature Rottweiler puppies are big and clumsy. It is important that they not be allowed to jump down from things, as they could hurt their joints and bones. They need a lot of attention, exercise, and socialization. They also need to learn housebreaking, as Miniature Rottweilers are not born knowing how to use a litter box or toilet.
Fully grown: Miniature Rottweilers do not reach their full size until they are about 3 years old. It is important to establish a routine and rules for your dog while they are still young so they know what is expected of them.
Shedding: Unlike many medium to large sized breeds, the Miniature Rottweiler does not shed very much at all. Be prepared for hair around the house from them though. They will shed a few times a year, but it will be nothing like losing a entire shirt or pair of pants because you forgot to clean off your couch.
Noise: Miniature Rottweilers are very alert and aware of their surroundings, which means they are prone to barking. Owners need to be prepared for this. They can also be very vocal, so if you live in an apartment, you might not be able to have one.
Apartment living: Miniature Rottweilers are relatively inactive indoors, and since they are not a small pet that can be left in your apartment while you go to work all day, this is not the best breed for city living. Depending on their size when fully grown, they may or may not be able to be hauled up stairs.
Climate: The Miniature Rottweiler does not do well in extremely hot or cold weather. They are low to the ground and do not have excess fur to keep them warm in the winter. Likewise, they can overheat very quickly in hot weather. They are best suited to temperate climates.
Cost: The Miniature Rottweiler is one of the more expensive dogs to own, and that’s not just because of their high initial price tag from the breeder. They eat a lot and require a lot of medical attention. They also have some typical health concerns that you will want to make sure you’re prepared to pay for if they arise.
Slippery furniture: Miniature Rottweilers have a reputation for being “droolers”. If you have nice furniture, you will almost certainly have to deal with the issues of them sliding around on the floor because they are so slick.
Jumping: Miniature Rottweilers are notorious for jumping on people. Even if you do not want a dog that jumps, this breed has enough energy to launch itself several feet into the air. Of course, this can be dangerous if you have young children.
Active: Miniature Rottweilers need a lot of exercise. They have a lot of energy and if they don’t get it out, they will find ways to get it out, usually not in a good way. Some people do not have the time to take their dogs running or walking for hours every day.
Attention: Miniature Rottweilers are very smart and will get bored easily. They will require a lot of your attention and time. This is not a breed for people who work all day and leave their dogs home alone in a crate.
Reference: Recommended books: The Complete Dog Book, by The Daily Puppy Editor, Kate Cox, Barron’s Dog Encyclopedia, by Barbara D. Dennison, Dog Owner’s Home Veterinary Handbook by Madeline C. Edinburgh
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Types of Miniature Rottweilers
The Miniature Rottweiler is bred from the Standard Rottweiler and therefore do not show great variation within themselves. The three most common types however are the show quality, working quality and pet quality.
Show Qualities: These dogs will have perfect markings, the proper coloration for their gender, excellent temperament and structure. They are very muscular and well built. They will be approximately twenty-two to twenty-four inches in height and fifty to one hundred and fifty pounds in weight.
Working Qualities: These dogs will resemble the show qualities in most ways except they may be slightly taller and heavier, they may have a few flaws in their color or markings but nothing that takes away from their appearance or temperament. They are bred more for working abilities than showing.
Sources & references used in this article:
An indirect reduction technique for ventral stabilization of atlantoaxial instability in miniature breed dogs by F Forterre, NV Revés, C Stahl… – Veterinary and …, 2012 – pdfs.semanticscholar.org
Aggressive conflicts amongst dogs and factors affecting them by A Roll, J Unshelm – Applied animal behaviour science, 1997 – Elsevier
Dog attack deaths and maimings, US & Canada September 1982 to November 13, 2006 by M Clifton – Animal People, 2007 – dogbitelaw.com
Rottweilers for Dummies by RG Beauchamp – 2011 – books.google.com
Fear and Aggression in German Shepherd, Boxer and Rottweiler Dogs by K Uzunova, MY Halil, R Dimitrov… – Scientific Papers Animal …, 2015 – spasb.ro