Puppy Health: Screw Tails And Hemivertebrae

The following are some facts about the screw tails and hemivertebrae in bulldogs:

Bulldog Tail Infection (Tail Eruption)

Infections with hemivertebrae dogs cause the growth of large amounts of blood vessels at their base. These blood vessels are called “tubes” because they resemble tubes. They become enlarged, causing them to burst open and release pus into surrounding tissues or even other infected areas such as your skin.

The rupture of these blood vessels causes the dog’s body fluids to leak out and may result in severe pain. A dog can die from this type of infection within hours if not treated properly.

A bulldog’s tail is usually pierced before birth so that it will grow normally when its time comes. However, if the tail is left unplugged during the first few days after birth, then the puppy will develop a bulge in its tail due to a buildup of fluid. If left untreated, this swelling can lead to a ruptured tube leading to an infection.

If the tail is plugged up while still inside the mother, then the plug prevents the pup from getting any fluid in its tail. The problem with this method is that there is no way of knowing whether or not the plug was removed correctly until it bursts open and allows liquid to flow through it. If the puppy’s tail was not plugged up properly, then it would have developed a screw tail.

Tail Oozing And Tail Rot

Tail oozing and tail rot are two different types of infection that can develop in dogs. While they may sound like the same thing, they are different mainly because of their symptoms. Tail oozing is when pus-filled bubbles form around the base of your dog’s tail and causes severe itching and irritation to your dog’s skin.

Tail rot is a type of fungal infection that results in the death of the tissues around your dog’s tail.

Both tail oozing and tail rot can have negative effects on your dog’s health if left untreated. Tail oozing may result in a foul odor coming from your dog’s tail. Tail rot may lead to a greenish discharge from the area around your dog’s tail, and may also affect other parts of your dog’s body.

Both types of infection usually start at the base of your dog’s tail and move up towards the body.

Screw Tail Surgery (Procedure)

Screw tail surgery is a very complex surgery that involves the removal of a hemivertebra from your dog’s spine. As stated above, a hemivertebra is an incompletely formed type of bone that does not fuse together during your dog’s development in the womb. The purpose of the surgery is to remove the hemivertebra and screw tail infection caused by it.

If your dog has multiple hemivertebrae, then multiple surgeries may be required.

Puppy Health: Screw Tails And Hemivertebrae - DogPuppySite

Most vets will only perform this surgery if all other treatment methods have failed. These treatment methods include applying ointments to the infected area, taking prescribed medication, or having an anti-inflammatory steroid injected directly into the affected area.

Surgery can range from a few hundred to a thousand dollars, depending on your location and what type of anesthesia is used during the procedure. The surgery can be risky and your dog may experience complications such as paralysis due to nerve damage. If the surgery is successful, it can take months before your dog’s tail is completely healed and working properly again.

Sources & references used in this article:

Congenital thoracic kyphosis caused by hemivertebra in a Pug puppy by D Davitkov, D Marinković, D Davitkov… – Veterinarski …, 2020 – veterinarskiglasnik.rs

… across 100 dogs identifies a frame shift mutation in DISHEVELLED 2 which contributes to Robinow-like syndrome in Bulldogs and related screw tail dog … by TA Mansour, K Lucot, SE Konopelski… – PLoS …, 2018 – journals.plos.org

Surgical management of screw-tail in dogs by L Roses, F Yap, E Welsh – Companion Animal, 2018 – magonlinelibrary.com

Congenital and acquired anomalies of the caudal vertebrae in dogs: Radiographic classification and prevalence evaluation by M Paninárová, L Stehlík, P Proks… – Acta Veterinaria …, 2016 – akjournals.com

Outcomes of nonsurgical treatment for congenital thoracic vertebral body malformations in dogs: 13 cases (2009–2016) by S Wyatt, R Gonçalves… – Journal of the …, 2018 – Am Vet Med Assoc

Canine disorder mirrors human disease: exonic deletion in HES7 causes autosomal recessive spondylocostal dysostosis in miniature Schnauzer dogs by CE Willet, M Makara, G Reppas, G Tsoukalas, R Malik… – PloS one, 2015 – journals.plos.org

Surgical management of vertebral malformation in a Manx cat by M Havlicek, KR Mathis, JA Beck… – Journal of feline …, 2009 – journals.sagepub.com

Choosing the Perfect Puppy by P Mattinson – 2017 – books.google.com

Inherited defects in pedigree dogs. Part 1: Disorders related to breed standards by L Asher, G Diesel, JF Summers, PD McGreevy… – The Veterinary …, 2009 – Elsevier