Puppy Potty Training Schedule & Finishing Touches:
The first thing to understand is that there are two types of puppies: those born with no or only one functioning urinary bladder and those born without a functional urethra (the tube that carries urine from the kidneys back into the body). These breeds include German Shepherds, Rottweilers, Dachshunds, Boxers, Chihuahuas and many others.
They are called “functional” because they have both of these organs.
In addition, there are other breeds like Yorkshire Terriers, Shih Tzus and Pugs which do not have either of these two vital functions. These dogs need to learn how to urinate and defecate on their own before they will be able to go through the whole process of learning how to use a toilet properly.
However, there are some breeds that lack both of these vital functions. These dogs cannot go through the whole process of learning how to pee and poop themselves.
These dogs are known as “absentee” or “orphan” pups. Some examples of such breeds are Dalmatians, Bull Terriers, Beagles and Corgis. Such puppies require special care when it comes to potty training them since they may not be able to learn at all!
All dogs are different, however, so it is important to watch your own pet and see the signs that indicate he or she has to relieve him or herself. This is usually accompanied by restlessness, sniffing around and a general looking around.
With a little practice, this will become very easy to distinguish from other types of behavior. When you notice these signs, it is time to take him or her outside.
Older dogs who have already learned the habit of relieving themselves outside may have difficulty with this process since they have lost some of their senses. These dogs should be encouraged to go out first thing in the morning and right before bedtime every day.
Since their sense of smell is not as good, they need help in locating the spot where they are supposed to do their business!
Since dogs are creatures of habit, it is best to take them to the same spot every time they have to go out. This is where knowing the body language that indicates a need to go will come in very handy.
Soon, you will be able to tell when they need to relieve themselves just by watching for the signs. It will also help if you take them out at about the same time every day and always take them to the same spot. This way they will eventually learn that this is the time they are going to the bathroom and they will have an easier time letting you know when they need to go out.
Another thing to remember is that dogs can’t go very long without eliminating. If they try, they could suffer from very painful and even fatal consequences.
If your dog hasn’t gone in a few hours, it is best to take him outside, even if he doesn’t seem to need to go. If he doesn’t eliminate, take him out again in a half hour. If he still doesn’t go, keep taking him out every thirty minutes until he goes or you will have a very dirty house!
The next thing to worry about is what to do when your dog has just eliminated. On this note, there are two types of elimination habits: the “marking” habit and the “hiding” habit.
Dogs with a marking habit will lift their leg and “mark” a particular tree or pole by rubbing their leg against it and letting a drop or two of urine hit it. Dogs with a hiding habit do not do this and are content to just go wherever they happen to be at the time.
If you have a male dog, he most likely has an elimination marking habit. If you have a female dog, her habit is most likely elimination hiding.
You can’t do much about a dog’s natural instincts, but you can help them learn to do their business in the right place.
If your dog has an elimination marking habit, try to get him to eliminate on grass rather than on pavement or other such areas. Once he has eliminated on the grass, praise him a lot and give him a treat.
This will reinforce in his mind that grass is the place to eliminate. As long as he is eliminating on grass, his scent will be masked by that of the grass and your yard will not smell like “dog”. If your yard has dirt instead of grass, it won’t matter since he isn’t leaving anything behind.
Dealing With Hiding Elimination Habits
If your dog has a hiding elimination habit, you will have to take him out more often since he isn’t leaving anything behind to mask his scent. You have to watch him like a hawk to be sure that he isn’t trying to sneak off and eliminate some place where he shouldn’t.
This habit is very difficult to break and the best thing to do is to prevent him from having the chance to do it. This means crating him when you aren’t around to watch him, even for short periods of time. Confine him to a small room, like a bathroom or his crate if you have a bedroom that locks. A puppy cage is even better. If you take him out often enough, he won’t have the chance to eliminate in the house and will eventually break himself of this habit.
On the other hand, sometimes dogs just have bladders of Iron and will manage to hold it for very long periods of time. This may be due to something called “submissive urination”.
This has to do with dominance and submission in social animals. In this case, your dog is “submitting” to you by not voiding in the house. The best thing to do is not to give in to this behavior and immediately take him outside when you wake up, after meals, after playtime or when you first get home. By doing this, you are making it clear to him who is the boss (you) and he will eventually stop with the submissive urination behavior.
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Sources & references used in this article:
Coming to narrative: A personal history of paradigm change in the human sciences by AP Bochner – 2016 – books.google.com
Don’t Shoot the Dog: The Art of Teaching and Training by K Pryor – 2019 – books.google.com
Inside of a dog: What dogs see, smell, and know by A Horowitz – 2010 – books.google.com
Critical periods affecting the development of normal and mal-adjustive social behavior of puppies by JP Scott, MV Marston – The Pedagogical Seminary and Journal of …, 1950 – Taylor & Francis
Psychosocial implications of service dog ownership for people who have mobility or hearing impairments by D Valentine, M Kiddoo, B LaFleur – Social Work in Health Care, 1993 – Taylor & Francis
Brief report: Pet-facilitated therapy with autistic children by LA Redefer, JF Goodman – Journal of autism and developmental disorders, 1989 – Springer