The Spanish Mastiff (Cervus elaphus) is one of the most famous dog breeds in Europe. It was first described by the German zoologist Carl Linnaeus in 1758. Today it’s considered to be one of the oldest living species, since its ancestors have been found from prehistoric times until today. The mastiffs are known for their loyalty and courage, which makes them good guard dogs or even hunters. They’re very loyal and protective of their family members, but they’re not aggressive towards other animals.
The Spanish Mastiff is a medium sized dog breed, with a length between 60 and 65 cm (2’7″ – 2’9″) at the withers. Its weight ranges from 20 to 25 kg (44 – 53 lbs). Their height varies from 80 to 90 cm (3’10”- 3’11”).
They usually weigh around 30 kg (66 lbs), but some specimens may reach up to 40 kg (88 lbs).
Spanish Mastiffs are generally calm and docile, though they can become territorial when provoked. They don’t bark much, but they do growl or snarl if necessary. However, they’re not particularly strong fighters either; most Spaniards prefer to use them as watchdogs rather than fighting dogs.
They make good guard dogs, since they will bark if someone is approaching your home.
The breed is widely used as a livestock guardian dog, since it protects the herd/flock against both predators and strangers. They tend to bark or even howl whenever something is wrong. However, they usually don’t attack unless they are provoked.
It’s important to note that they should be socialized when they’re still pups, in order to reduce their aggressive behavior. They’re instinctively protective of their territory, especially around male dogs.
Spanish Mastiffs have a strong sense of smell, which is why they’re often used by hunters to sniff out wildlife. They tend to be very fast for their size (despite their long fur) and can run for miles without getting tired. They have powerful jaws and sharp teeth, which are necessary when killing prey.
However, they’re not particularly good swimmers.
The Spanish Mastiff sheds a lot. It has a waterproof layer of fur, which makes it ideal for the cold Spanish weather. It also has a thick layer of fat, which helps it survive in harsh environments.
Despite this, it’s still a very muscular and strong breed, which is important for its size. It also has a thick leather-like skin, which protects it from bites and stings inflicted by prey. It tends to drool a lot, especially when eating or drinking.
The Spanish mastiff cannot see or hear as well as other breeds, though it makes up for it with its sense of smell. Its skin is relatively insensitive to pain. It has a short and smooth coat, which is mostly black in color.
It may also have markings in the form of yellow or brown spots on the head and legs.
In Spain, the dogs are measured by “Puño”, which is the width of the dog’s head. In this case, medium to large dogs have a Puño of 55 mm (2.17″), while large to giant dogs have a Puño of 63mm (2.48″).
The Tosa Inu (Japanese: 董印 Japanese pronunciation: [to.sa ɯ.nu]) or Tosa is a powerful Japanese dog breed that can be traced back to the beginnings of the 20th century in Japan.
They were originally bred for a fighting instinct, and they’re known to have a particularly dangerous streak. For this reason, they’re rare outside of their native country and little is known about them in most parts of the world.
Sources & references used in this article:
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A new reference grammar of modern Spanish by A Willis – Contemporary Spanish cinema and genre, 2019 – manchesterhive.com
Letters written during a short residence in Spain and Portugal… With some account of Spanish and Portugueze Poetry by J Butt, C Benjamin – 2013 – books.google.com
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Intertextuality as source and evidence for indirect indexical meanings by R Stone – 2002 – Pearson Education
Imaginary Cities of Gold: The Spanish Quest for Treasure in North America by JF Bannon – 1974 – books.google.com
Black Society in Spanish Florida by JH Hill – Journal of Linguistic Anthropology, 2005 – Wiley Online Library