The Three Ds Of Dog Training:
1) Do not leave home without them!
2) Do not train your dog to do something dangerous or illegal.
3) Do not train your dog until they are at least 8 weeks old.
Dog training is all about discipline and obedience. Discipline means never leaving the house unless it is absolutely necessary (e.g., going out for groceries).
Obedience means always obeying commands given by humans. If you don’t obey, then you will have consequences such as being yelled at, scolded, punished or even killed. You must learn these three things if you want to become a good dog trainer.
In order to teach obedience, you need to first understand what makes up behavior and why it happens in the way it does. For example, if you see a child throwing a ball far away from their play area, it might be because they are bored or frustrated. They may also be trying to get the ball back so they can go home. However, if you were to observe the same child throw the ball toward their play area, then you would notice that they are doing this only when they are happy and excited.
Not only that, but they are also throwing it in the direction of other children so they can play with them. This is an example of operant conditioning and it happens in three ways.
Positive Reinforcement- Giving a reward after a desired behavior so that the behavior is more likely to happen in the future. For example, giving a child ice cream after they eat their dinner. This is what you do when you give a dog a treat after it does something good. Negative Reinforcement- Giving an outcome that the subject does not want after a behavior so that the behavior is more likely to happen in the future.
This is kind of like reverse punishment; instead of stopping something good after a behavior, you give a negative outcome after the behavior so that they will not want it to happen again. For example, a child does not clean their room, therefore they are grounded. The not getting to go out and play is what we call the negative reinforcement, or the punishment. Negative punishment- Taking away an outcome that the subject wants after a behavior so that the behavior is less likely to happen in the future. For example, if a child throws a tantrum when they do not get ice cream, then you might take away their favorite TV show as a form of negative punishment.
Sources & references used in this article:
A standardized behavior test for potential guide dog puppies: Methods and association with subsequent success in guide dog training by L Asher, S Blythe, R Roberts, L Toothill… – Journal of Veterinary …, 2013 – Elsevier
More than just a word: non-semantic command variables affect obedience in the domestic dog (Canis familiaris) by M Fukuzawa, DS Mills, JJ Cooper – Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 2005 – Elsevier
Efficacy of Dog Training With and Without Remote Electronic Collars vs. a Focus on Positive Reinforcement by L China, DS Mills, JJ Cooper – Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 2020 – frontiersin.org
What’s in a word? A review of the attributes of a command affecting the performance of pet dogs by DS Mills – Anthrozoös, 2005 – Taylor & Francis
Efficacy of a remote-controlled, positive-reinforcement, dog-training system for modifying problem behaviors exhibited when people arrive at the door by S Yin, EJ Fernandez, S Pagan, SL Richardson… – Applied Animal …, 2008 – Elsevier
The evolution of mine detection dog training by D Hayter – Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction, 2003 – pdfs.semanticscholar.org
Behavioural and physiological correlates of impulsivity in the domestic dog (Canis familiaris) by HF Wright, DS Mills, PMJ Pollux – Physiology & behavior, 2012 – Elsevier