Chihuahua Facts: Where Did They Come From?
The origin of the chihuahua is not known. Some say they originated from Mexico, some say they came from South America or Africa. There are many theories about their origins but no one knows for sure. All we know is that there were two types of them: small dogs with short legs and long bodies; and large dogs with short legs and long bodies. These two types of chihuahuas were different enough that they could not interbreed.
In the early 1900’s, a few scientists noticed that these two kinds of chihuahuas had very similar physical characteristics. They called them “microchilos” (little mice) and “macrophylis” (big mice). Later, in the 1940’s, researchers discovered that they were actually the same species. Scientists named it after the town of Chihuahua in Mexico.
They have been domesticated since then. They are used for hunting and guarding livestock. Their fur is soft and warm, which makes them ideal for wearing around the house during cold winter months. They make good pets because they don’t bark too much when you pet them and they love to cuddle up next to your chest while sleeping!
Where Do Chihuahuas Come From?
The chihuahua is a very old breed of dog. It is thought to have originated in Mexico along with the Toltec Civilization. The Aztecs were also thought to have used small dogs similar to the chihuahua as companion dogs. They were highly favored by the upper class of Mayan society. They were also used for religious purposes. It is said that in 600 A.D. Mayan priests would often sacrifice chihuahuas and other dogs as a gift to the gods. These small dogs were also run after and grabbed by Jaguars, which was also believed to please the gods.
These little dogs were used in many ways other than sacrificing. They had important roles in society and were great war dogs. The Aztecs favored the chihuahua for their aggressiveness as war and hunting dogs. They also enjoyed them as pets and to keep the homes of the wealthy free of rodents.
These dogs were so important to society that they even used them for gambling purposes. If you were to bet on a chihuahua race, the prize was usually your dog, which would then be sacrificed to the gods.
The chihuahua as we know it probably first appeared in the 1850’s. It is believed to have been bred down from the Techichi, which were thought to be a cross between the Techichi and the Chihuahua. There are still some that claim that the chihuahua is a direct descendant of the Techichi and has not interbred with other dog breeds like Pomeranian, long-haired or smooth haired bitsches. Others claim that it is just a smaller version of the Techichi.
The first chihuahua was brought into the United States around 1903 and came from England. The first man to have imported them was a doctor by the name of George Graham. He had brought these dogs in after seeing them in Mexico and being quite impressed by their size. In 1904 he had another litter of the dogs, this time with a black and tan female.
These dogs became quite popular after this. In 1908 another litter of puppies was brought in to America. This time it was by a woman named Mrs. Joseph Carl who had visited Mexico in 1907 and seen the little dogs in their homeland. She became quite fond of one in particular that was born without eyes and named him Blueskin.
Chihuahua’s came to the United States just in time to become very popular during the Great Depression as cheap but fun pets. They were the cheapest dog to feed and didn’t require much space. Chihuahuas do not seem to have as many health issues as other breeds do as well. They are very strong little dogs and can live for a long time if they receive proper medical attention and care.
Chihuahua’s can live on average from 11 to 20 years.
Chihuahua’s are very popular in America and around the world today. There are many different varieties of the breed that are available. The most common varieties of chihuahua are the smooth coat, the long coat, and the apple head. Other types include the deer head which has a deer like head and large eyes, the deaf-mute which is generally larger and doesn’t have hearing or barking abilities, and other varieties with tiny curled ears or large drooping ears.
The Chihuahua is also known as the Mexican terrier, which it was actually first called in America because of its origins. However, due to it’s popularity it is now simply known as the chihuahua. It is the smallest breed of dog and has a long narrow snout. It’s ears are very large for it’s head and stand up straight.
They can come in a variety of colors including black, white, brown, tan, and spotted. Chihuahuas have large dark eyes that give them a human-like appearance. They also have a strong sense of hearing and smell that helps them seek out prey. Their teeth are sharp like that of a vampire because they like to bite their prey and lap the blood from the wound.
The Chihuahua is a very old breed of dog and has been around for hundreds of years. They originated in Mexico and were bred by the Toltecs. They were used by the Aztecs for seeking out prey in the wild and then biting into their neck to drink their blood. These dogs were also used for religious sacrifices to the gods.
They were so valued that the Aztecs kept them on leashes to prevent them from running away. These tiny dogs have been known by many different names in the past including the Mexican Hairless, the Techichi, and the Xoloitzcuintle.
If you have allergies or do not want hair around the house then this is the dog for you. The smooth coat of the chihuahua does not shed a lot of hair and it is recommended that you brush it daily to keep the dead hairs out of the coat. If you decide to let this dog go bald then you have to be prepared that people WILL ask you if it is a girl or boy dog because of its genital area being bald as well.
The long coat is thicker and tends to be softer as well. The hair will reach down to the ankles and can sometime grow along the bottom of the feet in a shoe-like shape. This breed comes in many colors as well, including white. This dog does shed its hair a lot more than the smooth coat and will need to be brushed daily.
The third type of coat that the chihuahua can have is the long coat. This type of coat comes in a variety of colors as well. The long coat is a tad thicker than the smooth coat and tends to feel softer as well. The hair on this type of chihuahua will reach down to the ankles and can sometimes grow along the bottom of the feet in a shoe-like shape.
This breed does shed its hair a lot more than the smooth coat but will still need to be brushed on a daily basis.
The chihuahua has two different coats that it can have. The first one is the smooth coat which is known for being the type with the least amount of grooming. The hair on this dog will feel coarse to the touch and will generally reach down to the dog’s toes. This coat usually comes in a variety of colors such as tan, white, black, brown, and other colors as well.
There is one warning with this coat and that is it tends to shed quite a bit more than the other types of coats.
The Chihuahua has one of the more unique types of personality traits in the dog world. They tend to be very alert and aware of their surroundings at all times. Not many things will escape their attention when they decide to take notice. These dogs can be very brave at times as well and will let out a loud bark if a stranger comes near their home.
Most Chihuahuas tend to have a dominant personality which means that you really cannot have two of these dogs in the same house unless you want problems.
Due to their small size these dogs are not really suitable for people who have back problems or other medical conditions that would cause pain when lifting the dog. These dogs cannot really swim either and will sink like a brick if you try to throw them into the pool or any other body of water. It is best to keep your chihuahua on a leash when out for a walk since they can easily get away from you and become lost since they are so small.
The Chihuahua is a small dog with some very big personality traits. While they are very loyal to their owners, they tend to be a bit bossy at times and will let you know when they do not want to be bothered. They can usually get away with this type of behavior more so than a larger dog due to their size and weight. They are very protective of their owners and will defend them if they feel the need to.
These dogs can sometimes be a bit snappy towards other people but are not always like that. It all depends on how they are raised and treated by their owners.
The shihtzu is a small breed that has long flowing hair like that of a fur coat. These dogs come in a variety of colors such as black, white, brown, and gray. They have dark eyes and a strong face that really makes them stand out in a crowd. The fur on the shihtzu is very soft to the touch and will not feel greasy or wet.
Due to their heavy fur coat these dogs do not handle heat all that well and should always be kept indoors where the temperature is regulated.
The Shih Tzu is a small dog that has a very distinctive look about it. While these dogs may be small they are packed with personality and will let you know when they want something. These dogs tend to have a problem with barking frequently and will start at the slightest noise they hear. It is best to always keep them inside because their fur is not designed for the outside elements.
Outside, they are prone to overheating very easily and should always have access to shade and water.
The Pekinese is a very distinctive looking dog that many people will recognize right away. They have a lion type mane around their head, black eyes, and a short tail that sticks straight out. These dogs have a very distinct look that attracts people to them. They can come in a variety of colors including white, black, brown, and gray.
The Pekinese has a solid build to it and does not have many weaknesses that are noticeable.
Pekinese are very playful dogs and will tend to get along with everyone. This is especially true when they are small puppies. As they grow up they tend to become more selective with the people they get along with and will rarely ever bite. These dogs tend to bark a lot when they are bored or want something and will always let you know when someone is at the door.
They can become great watch dogs due to their loud barking.
The Brussels Griffon is a small dog that has a distinctive face which includes their large ears that sort of curl at the bottom. These dogs also have a curly tail that sticks out sideways from their body. They have a solid body and come in a wide variety of colors such as black, white, tan, and red. The distinguishing feature for this dog is its face and the ears that are too big for its body.
The Brussels Griffon is a very friendly dog that will tend to get along with everyone. They are very loyal to their owners and can become very protective of them if they sense danger or threat. It’s this quality that can make them good watch dogs. They have a tendency to bark frequently at people and other dogs when they are out for a walk.
These dogs have a playful personality and always want to be involved in whatever you are doing.
The Havanese is a very small dog that has a very distinct look to it. They have slender body, long legs, and a tail that curls over its back or to the side. They also have a mustache, eyebrows, and beard that accentuates their maltese face. The most common color of this dog is white, but they can also be cream, gold, or light brown.
They have a very unique coat that feels somewhat like cotton.
The Havanese is an energetic dog that likes to stay busy. When they get bored they can become destructive because of their tendency to chew on things. These dogs do not do well if they are left alone for extended periods of time. They also do not like to be ignored and want your attention most of the time.
The best owners for this dog are active people who are around most of the time.
The Miniature Schnauzer is a small dog that is very similar in appearance to the standard schnauzer. The main differences between the two is size and ears. The ears of the miniature schnauzer are cropped as puppies, whereas the standard schnauzer’s ears are left natural. The miniature schnauzer also has a smaller body and is shorter than the standard schnauzer.
The Miniature schnauzer is an intelligent dog that learns commands quickly. This trait makes it very easy to train, especially when using positive reinforcement techniques. These dogs can be a little difficult to housebreak, but with patience and consistency it should learn after a time. These dogs tend to have a bold personality and will let you know if someone is at the door.
The Norwegian Buhund is a medium size dog that has a bushy tail that curls over its back. Its body is solid and compact with muscular legs. It has small ears, brown eyes, and a black nose. The most common color for this dog is black, but it can also be brown or white.
These dogs have a thick double coat that is designed to keep them warm in colder climates.
The Norwegian Buhund is a working dog that was originally bred to herd livestock and guard property. They tend to be independent thinkers and will only obey a command if they see the reason behind it. These dogs are very loyal to their families and make excellent watch dogs. The Buhund is happiest when given a job to do.
The Norwich Terrier is a small dog that has a muscular body with sturdy legs. It’s most distinguishing feature are it’s curved erect ears that flair out to the side. The coat of this dog can be black, black and tan, or wheaten (wheat colored). All of these color combinations have white markings on their chests.
The Norwich Terrier was originally bred to hunt vermin and quarry. Today it is still a very energetic dog that has lots of stamina. These dogs do not like to sit around and do nothing and will become frustrated if just kept indoors. They need to be taken on long walks or given the opportunity to play outdoors.
If you are looking for a low maintenance dog, this is not the one for you.
The Ogar Polski is a large dog with a strong body. It’s head tapers gradually from its wide shoulders to its nose. The muzzle is roughly equal in length to the skull. It has a strong neck that flows into well laid back shoulders.
Its elbows are slightly set back and its forelegs are well muscled. Its chest is wide and its waist is slightly narrower. It has strong thighs and its stifle (knees) are well bent towards the rear. The hocks are well let down and its feet are rounded and compact with well arched toes. Its tail is set low and thick, tapering to a point and hanging down when the dog is at rest. The coat is medium length, smooth and tight. Coat color can be fawn, brindle, black or red. All of these have white markings.
The Polish Lowland Sheepdog is an athletic dog that is solid and well built. It has a long head with a broad skull and muzzle. The stop is moderate. The jaw is strong and has a perfect scissor bite.
The nose is wide with large nostrils. The dark eyes are medium in size and set well apart. The ears are small and triangular, pointing slightly forward. The neck is long, strong and arched. The withers are only moderately laid back. The front is wide with very solid straight legs that are perfectly parallel when seen from the front. The feet are tight and round, with strong thick pads. The short double coat is smooth, hard and close lying. The undercoat must be sufficiently thick to protect the dog from the cold. The tail is thick and tapers to a point and is normally curved over the back. This breed comes in all solid colors including black, gray, red, fawn, brindle or mixed.
The Polish Lowland Sheepdog is a strong and tenacious herding dog that was bred to herd and guard livestock. They are territorial and very intelligent. They need a lot of exercise, but will also enjoy their alone time and do not always crave the constant companionship of their owners.
The Pumi is a small to medium sized dog with a strong body that is square in proportion to its height. It has a long head with parallel sides and a square muzzle. The skull is slightly wider than the muzzle and the stop is barely noticeable. It has a strong neck that is slightly arched and blends into well laid back shoulders.
The chest is slightly wider than the shoulders and the ribs are slightly curved. Its back is short and strong and its loins are slightly tucked. It has medium-long, straight and strong hindquarters with hocks pointing outward. The feet are oval in shape and the front ones have dewclaws that can be removed. The tight, short and close lying coat is either smooth or rough. It can be black, gray, red, brown or any other solid color.
The Pumi is a strong and agile dog that was bred to help its owners with their tasks. This involves a lot of herding as well as guarding. They are very bold and self-confident and will become destructive if not given enough mental and physical challenges. Its herding instinct and territorial nature means they are not good with other pets or children unless it is raised with them from birth.
The Puli is an ancient breed of dog that has its origin in Hungary. It is a medium sized dog with a solid build and long hair. The head is shaped like an upside-down heart and the forehead is only moderately arched. It has dark, oval shaped eyes and the ears are small and thin.
The neck is medium in length and the withers are only slightly defined. The chest is only moderately wide and the ribcage curves inward. The back is level and only slightly longer than the height at the withers. The tail is set low and is either hooked or curved like a sickle. The feet are narrow and arched and the dewclaws can be removed. The outer coat is knotty, dense and stands away from the body. The undercoat is soft, thick and close lying. Common colors include black, white, gray, brown, tan or a combination of these.
The Puli is an intelligent and active herding dog that has its own strong ideas on what it considers to be the correct way of doing things. It is also very protective of those it cares about and will not hesitate to attack if it feels threatened or challenged. While intelligent, it can be headstrong and therefore difficult to train at times. It is very sensitive to the tone of one’s voice and may react to commands if stressed.
This breed needs a lot of interaction and companionship, without it will become bored, which leads to mischief.
The Pyrenean Shepherd is an energetic and strong dog with a muscular build. The skull is slightly wider than it is long and has a slight but noticeable stop. The cheeks fill out the skull and the jaws are powerful. The skin on the head is loose.
The nose is black, with wide and open nostrils. The teeth are strong and meet in either a level or scissor bite. The eyes are small, triangular and deep set. The ears are triangular and pointy, they are set low and far back on the head. The neck is thick and muscular with a slight arch. The back is slightly longer than the height at the withers which are only moderately pronounced. The chest is broad, long and deep. The belly is only slightly tucked and the tail is big, thick at the base and tapering. The forelegs are straight, strong and sturdy. The hind legs are well muscled, with thighs that are heavily muscled and defined. The feet are oval, tight and compact. Dewclaws can be removed. The coat is double, with a short, flat and hard outer coat and a soft, thick, weather-resistant undercoat. The Pyrenean Shepherd comes in many different colors including black, red rust (light reddish tan) and gray (light blue-gray).
The Pyrenean Shepherd is an independent and aloof dog that is very territorial by nature. While it can sometimes be welcoming to familiar people it often acts aggressively towards unfamiliar ones. It is also quick to bark at anything it sees as a potential threat. While it may accept children in its surroundings it does not interact with them.
The Pyrenean Shepherd is very self-confident, inquisitive and always eager to work. It requires an owner that is equally self-confident and able to maintain dominance over the dog while displaying consistency, fairness and affection.
The Rat Terrier is an energetic, playful and affectionate breed with lots of personality. It is clever, full of mischief and always ready to defend its home and family. The Rat Terrier makes an excellent watchdog. It is very affectionate with its family and will often shower them with love and devotion.
It is a good companion for children but due to its size it may snap if a child mishandles it. The Rat Terrier does not like being left alone and needs at least an hour of exercise daily. It is an adaptable breed that can thrive in the city or country.
The Rat Terrier is a small dog with short-haired, smooth and tight skin. Its skull is somewhat broad and dry with a slight stop. The cheeks fill out the skull and the jaws are strong and deep. The teeth meet in either a level or scissor bite.
The eyes are small, triangular and dark brown in color. The ears are small and V shaped. The neck is thicker than the head and flows into well-placed shoulders. The chest is broad and deep and the back is slightly longer than the height at the withers. The tail is docked and medium in length. The front legs are straight and sturdy. The hind legs are heavily muscled and well angulated. The feet are round with thick pads. The Rat Terrier comes in black, brown, gray, white and mixed colors.
Sources & references used in this article:
Why look at Tinkerbell? Notes regarding the Paris Hilton Syndrome by N Lunis – 2009 – Bearport Publishing
Mangas Coloradas and Apache Diplomacy: Treaty-Making with Chihuahua and Sonora, 1842–43 by D Redmalm – ANIMAL MOVEMENTS• MOVING ANIMALS – diva-portal.org
The Mexican War and the Chihuahua Trail The Doniphan and Price Expeditions by ER Sweeney – The Journal of Arizona History, 1998 – JSTOR
The Scalp Hunt in Chihuahua-1849 by ML Gardner – El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro, 1999 – books.google.com