Yorkies are one of the most popular breeds in the world. They have been bred since ancient times and they were used as guard dogs until the 19th century when they became popular pets. Today, there are many different types of yorkies with various appearances. Some look like miniature poodles while others resemble small German Shepherds or even Great Danes! There are even some that look like miniature Pomeranians!
The color of a yorkie’s coat varies from light brown to dark brown, but it all depends on which part of the dog’s body is being protected. For example, if your dog has short hair on its head and back then it will probably appear lighter colored than one with long hair and a darker chest area.
A yorkie’s coat can range from white to black, but it usually looks best with a combination of both.
There are two main colors of Yorkies: the standard color (which is what most people think of) and the “blue” color. The blue color is the most common and was first introduced into the breed by Charles Fairbanks in 1876.
This particular shade of blue is called “Blue Nose. Because there are so many different shades of “blue”, this color is broken down into categories such as:
Blue and tan
Black and tan
The above list only includes the “blue” yorkie coat colors. There are also other colors of yorkies including red, sable, black, cream, white, brown, and solid.
These colors can be combined with the “blue” to make a very colorful dog.
The yorkie is often called a “toy terrier”. It gets this name from the fact that it resembles the original terrier: the working terrier.
Just like their ancestors, today’s yorkies are bred to hunt vermin and go down into burrows to get rid of the invading pests. Although you may not want to subject your yorkie to such dangers, it sure is fun to watch them run and play!
The Yorkshire Terrier traces back its roots to Scotland and the city of Yorkshire in England. The city of Yorkshire is known for having many harsh terrains with large rocks covering the ground.
So that’s where we get the word “terrier”. These types of dogs were bred to go down into burrows and catch rodents, snakes, and other harmful creatures. These dogs have been around for many centuries and it is thought that the smooth haired terriers, such as the Norwich Terrier, are the predecessors of the modern day yorkie.
The first Yorkies were much bigger than their modern counterparts and they were generally white or black in color with long hair. It wasn’t until the mid 1800s when these dogs were bred down in size and the sable, tan, and black color scheme was developed.
Many of these terriers were brought over to the US by miners and steel workers who came to America during the Industrial Revolution. The American Kennel Club officially recognized the breed in 1885.
The friendly and playful yorkie is a great family pet as long as it gets plenty of exercise. These dogs were bred to be around people and in a home environment.
Without enough human contact, a yorkie can become depressed and they are also more likely to display behavior problems.
The terrier in these dogs means that they like to chase smaller animals and rodents. Make sure you keep your yorkie on a leash if you are going to take them for a walk.
If you try to keep them in an outdoor kennel or pen, they are likely to dig their way out. If you want to keep your yorkies safe outside, consider installing an above ground fence. They can climb fences if they get a good grip with their nails.
The smooth hair that grows on a yorkie’s body does not grow very long, but the hair on its head can get quite long. Most owners choose to keep the hair short on the head and face so that it does not stick out at odd angles.
The hair can be kept at a reasonable length with a weekly brushing. If you want your dog to look like the well-groomed doggie in the picture to the right, then you may want to invest in a good hair clipper and learn how to trim your yorkie’s hair yourself.
The yorkie’s nails grow pretty fast and need to be trimmed on a regular basis. If you do not want to hassle with clipping your dog’s nails, most pet stores sell nail clippers specifically for dogs.
Also, many grooming salons offer this service for a small fee.
Yorkshire Terriers are average shedders. Many owners find loose hairs around the house or on their clothing and upholstery.
It is best to have a lint brush handy to get the hair off your clothing before it ends up in the dryer!
Full-grown yorkies only weigh between six and eight pounds, so just a short walk each day will keep them fit and healthy. These little dogs are very sweet and they love to be taken outside so that they can be admired by everyone they see.
Yorkies are very intelligent dogs that learn new tricks quickly. These dogs respond well to patience and positive reinforcement training.
Consistency is the key when training your yorkie, they do not respond well to harsh treatment. Firmness and fairness is the best way to train your dog.
As mentioned before, yorkies were bred to go down into burrows after vermin and small animals. They will naturally try to hunt and chase anything that moves and this can be dangerous to your yorkie.
It is important that you do not let these dogs off the leash unless you are in a completely fenced in area. Even then, you still need to be careful since even the best-trained dogs can sometimes get hurt if they run after something like a squirrel or a cat.
Common Health Problems
The Yorkshire Terrier has a maximum life expectancy of just under 15 years. These dogs are prone to certain genetic health problems that are just as common in this breed as in any other, but many of these can be detected early with routine screening.
Some of the diseases that yorkies can develop are liver shunt, hip and leg problems, heart defects, PDA (Patent Ductus Arteriosus), eye problems, and skin disorders.
Sources & references used in this article:
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